If the early month in the AD calendar is January, then the early month in the Hijri calendar is Muharram. 1 Muharram is celebrated as an Islamic new year consisting of 30 days for a month.
The meaning of the word Muharram itself is forbidden or not allowed. Initially, this reasoned because of the belief that this month was a new beginning and should not begin with a war.
In history it is mentioned that this month is very obeyed, in Arabia even war never occurred during the month of Muharram.
The second month is the month of Safar or Shofar. Just like the second month of AD which usually consists of 29 days, the month of Safar is likewise.
The meaning of the word Safar itself simply means empty, which indicates a warning for young Arabs to go traveling from their villages.
Consisting of 30 days, the next month is the month of Rabi’ul Awal. The meaning of the name this month comes from the return of the youth who previously traveled. In this month precisely the 12th, Muslims usually celebrate the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The next month is Rabi’ul Akhir or Rabi’uts Tsani which also consists of 29 days only. The meaning of the name of the month of Late Rabi’ul comes from the herding and breeding activities carried out by people who have settled from overseas in the month of Rabi’ul Awal.
Jumadil Awal or Jumadil Ula is the fifth month in the Hijri calendar. Consisting of 30 days in a month, this month means the start of drought. The meaning of the name itself comes from the difficult occurrence of planting and breeding at the beginning of the use of the Hijri calendar system.
In the next month, namely Jumadil Akhir or another name, Jumadil Tsaniyah. This month consists of 29 days which means coming from the welcome of a new moon that is free of difficult times that begin in Jumadil Awal.
Consisting of 30 days, the seventh month in the Hijri calendar is the month of Rajab. This month has the meaning of starting and also holding back. This month is also the month in which Isra’ and Mi’raj, Ma. Not infrequently every month of Rajab, every Muslim commemorates Isra’ Mi’raj together.
The next month is sha’ban month which consists of 29 days. This month is interpreted as a group, this is because of its history this month arabs split up to form groups in defending their communities.
In this case, the activities carried out by a group of Arabs can be in the form of finding water, raising, and other work that benefits the residents of the community.
The ninth month is no stranger to children. This month is called Ramadan. Muslims are encouraged to observe fasting for a whole month.
For the meaning of the name of this month, Ramadan means very hot. This is because it comes from the purpose of Ramadan, which is to burn our sins during life.
In Islamic teachings, if your child is taught to worship and fast, the value of the reward that he can multiply before Allah SWT.
The month of Shawwal also consists of 29 days. This month means happiness because it is a blessed month. Because on the 1st of Shawwal, Muslims celebrate eid al-Fitr.
This celebration is referred to as a holiday for Muslims after 30 days of fasting in the previous month, the month of Ramadan.
The next month is Dzulka’dah which has the meaning of rest. Consisting of 30 days, this month is designated by the Arabs as a day of calm after the great celebrations in the month of Shawwal. Therefore, this month there is also a restriction for war.
The last month in the Hijri calendar is the month of Dhulhijah. This month marks the holy month for those who will perform Hajj. Usually this month consists of 29 days, but in leap years (once every 4 years) becomes 30 days in a month.
At the end of this Hijri year, Muslims are encouraged to vary by slaughtering sacrificial animals. Usually done to coincide with the 10th of Dzulhijah or referred to as Eid al-Adha.