16 Muslim Dynasties of the World (Part 2)

Here’s a review of some of the Islamic dynasties that once ruled the world, part 2 :

6. Shafariyah (253 H/867 AD – 900/1495 AD), one of Muslim Dynasties

The Shafariyah dynasty was the Islamic dynasty that had the longest power in the world. His fiefdom is in Sijistan, Iran. The dynasty was founded by Ya’qub bin Lais as-Saffar who was the leader of Khawarij in Sistan Province, Iran.

The Shafariyah dynasty during the reign of Amr bin Lais was able to expand its territory to Eastern Afghanistan. And during this time the rule of the Shafariyah Dynasty reached its golden age. The weakening of this dynasty was due to rebellion and chaos from within the government itself and ended in the takeover of power by the Ghaznavid Dynasty.

7. Thuluniyah (254 H/868 AD – 292 H/905 AD)

The Thuluniyah dynasty was the Islamic dynasty whose reign ended the fastest. The fiefdoms of the Thuluniyah Dynasty were in Egypt and Syria. The founder of the Thuluniyah Dynasty was Ahmad ibn Tulun who was a Turkish envoy to the governor of Transoxania, Uzbekistan. Actually, the task of Ahmad ibn Tulun was to bring tribute to the Abbasids.

The Thuluniyah dynasty only ruled for 38 years and ended when it was defeated by Abbasid forces and the assassination of Caliph Syaiban ibn Tulun.

8. Hamdaniyah (292 H/905 AD – 394 H/1004 AD)

The fiefdoms of the Hamdanid Dynasty were in Aleppo, Syria and Mosul, Iraq. The Hamdanid dynasty of Mosul was led by Hasan who succeeded his father, Abu al-Haija.

Meanwhile, the Aleppo Hamdanid Dynasty was founded by Ali Saifuddawlah, the suadara of the Hamdanid ruler Mosul.

The Hamdanid dynasty either in Mosul or Aleppo ended when its leaders died.

9. Fatimids (296 H/909 AD – 566 H/1171 AD), one of Muslim Dynasties

The Fatimid dynasty had a fiefdom that included North Africa, Egypt, as well as Syria. The background of the founding of the Fatimid Dynasty was due to the weakening of the Abbasid Dynasty. The founder of this Fatimid Dynasty was Ubaidillah al-Mahdi. The Fatimid dynasty experienced the peak of glory during the reign of al-Aziz. Islamic culture developed very rapidly during the Fatimid Dynasty. This can be seen from the establishment of the al-Azhar Mosque.

16 Muslim Dynasties of the World (part 1)

16 Muslim Dynasties of the World (Part 3)

Masjid al-Azhar has a function as a center for Islamic studies and science. The end of the Fatimid Dynasty after al-Adid who was the last caliph of the Fatimid Dynasty fell ill. Salahudin Yusub al-Ayyubi who was the vizier of the Fatimid Dynasty used the opportunity by recognizing the rule of the Abbasid Caliph, al-Mustadi.

The Fatimid dynasty had various relics such as the al-Azhar Mosque which is currently known for its al-Azhar University, Bab al-Futuh or known as Futuh Fort, and the al-Akmar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt.

10. Buwaihi (333 H/945M – 447 H/1055M)

The fiefdoms of the Buwaihi Dynasty were in Iraq and Iran. The Buwaihi dynasty was built by three brothers, namely Ali bin Buwaihi, Hasan bin Buwaihi and Ahmad bin Buwaihi. The Buwaihi dynasty itself was divided into two periods.

In the first period is a period of growth and consolidation. Furthermore, the second period was a period of defense, especially defending the territory of Iraq and Central Iran. The Buwaihi dynasty experienced rapid development as the Abbasid Dynasty in Baghdad weakened. Meanwhile, the decline of the Buwaihi Dynasty was due to the influence of Tugril Beg from the Seljuk Dynasty.

There are several relics from the Buwaihi Dynasty such as the observatory in Baghdad and several libraries in Syiraz, ar-Rayy, and Isfahan, Iran.

Leave a Comment