3 Traces of Fountains in Islamic Civilization

the fountain is one of the architectural parts. Fountains were also known in the spatial concept of Muslim private homes in ancient times. What is the fountain like in Islamic civilization?

Will Durrant describes it in The Story of Civilization. It is substantiated that the houses of the poor at that time, as they are now, were rectangular buildings made of unburned bricks with ceilings made of a mixture of mud, wood, palm trees and branches, and thatch.

The houses somehow did not miss the fountain, sometimes the tree, and a set of wooden ponds and roofed corridors between the vestibule and the rooms. The characteristics and distinctive features of this fountain-characterized layout show that Islam really pays attention to beauty and art.

Some of the designs of the fountain can be seen in a number of historical buildings built during the heyday of Islam. Here are some of the fountains left by Islamic civilization:

1. The Beauty of Fez City

3 Traces of Fountains in Islamic Civilization
3 Traces of Fountains in Islamic Civilization

A few years ago, the Moroccan ruler built a fountain in Fez City. According to statistics released at that time, there were about 70 traditional fountains on the streets of Fez, 400 fountains in ancient houses, mosques and schools.

Historical sources say that the fountain has existed in the ancient city since the 16th century. They are really used for drinking and watering animals and gardens. Their existence is believed to be related to an intricate water network pattern in Fez about 10 centuries ago. The fountain is not a waste, but rather part of the philosophy of Islamic civilization in the use of water, which deals with functional aspects and sensual spiritual pleasure.

2. Public Facilities in Balkan

Optimization of fountains as public facilities, usually combined with symbolic, aesthetic and practical dimensions. The most beautiful example of creative things, is at a few meters from the mosque.

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Such as, in the Balkan countries during the era of the Ottoman Caliphate, namely the fountain of the Koski Mohmmed Pasha Mosque, the Hertdos Bey Mosque, the Sinan Bey Mosque in Kaineng, the Sultan Ismi Mosque in Baica, the Mustapha Pasha Mosque in Skopje, the Beg Khosrof Ghazi Mosque in Sarajevo, and the Alaja Mosque in Foca. The fountain not only serves as a place for drinking and ablution, but also washing.

3. Lion Fountains in Andalusia

3 Traces of Fountains in Islamic Civilization
3 Traces of Fountains in Islamic Civilization

The Lion Fountain located in al-Hamra Palace, Andalusia, it not only serves as a water network to supply the water needs in the palace. But, it is also an art of sculptural works that show the beauty of Islamic civilization. The waterfall is surrounded by 12 lions with water flowing out of their mouths.

The fountain was used as a time marker. When the water flew out of only one lion, it was one o’clock. And, if it comes out of two lions, it’s two o’clock, and so on. However, this system was broken after the fall of Andalusia, Spain.

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