A large crane fell on the Masjid Al Haram complex on Friday (11/09). It killed 107 people and injured 238 of them. The crane crash was triggered by strong winds that hit Saudi Arabia’s territory.
It turns out that this is not the first time this event has happened during the Hajj season. The tragedy that took his life before has also happened several times.
Every time there’s a deadly tragedy in the holy land, it’s going to take a lot of casualties. This is because, many worshippers crowded the holy city to perfect the pillars of Islam. Bloody events in Mecca during the hajj season began to occur since 1975.
As many as 200 worshippers were killed near the city of Makah, after a gas pipe exploded and burned ten tents. Until the time of at least 15 events have occurred during the hajj and took its toll. What and when does the incident occur? Here’s the review.
- 1 In 1975 Gas Cylinder Exploded
- 2 December 4, 1979 – Liberation of the Grand Mosque
- 3 July 31, 1987 Clashes Between Iranian Protesters and Saudi Police
- 4 02 July 1990 Al Maaisim Tunnel Tragedy
- 5 May 24, 1994 Push and Step On Each Other in Mina
- 6 May 7, 1995 Fire in Mina
- 7 April 15, 1997 Fire in Mina
- 8 April 9, 1998 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
- 9 March 5, 2001 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
- 10 February 11, 2003 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
- 11 February 1, 2004 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
- 12 January 23, 2005 Banjir Bandang
- 13 January 5, 2006 Collapsed Inn
- 14 January 12, 2006 Jamah Killed While Throwing Jumrah
- 15 September 11, 2015 Crane Collapsed due to Strong Winds
In 1975 Gas Cylinder Exploded
A gas canister exploded and burned ten tents in December 1975. The incident killed 200 people and burned 10 tents. As a result of this incident, the Government of Saudi Arabia strictly prohibited the use of gas stoves in the hajj seasons.
They even set up a safety team that often conducts inspections to the tents of worshippers to ensure no gas cylinders or gas stoves are used. Not only the pilgrim’s tent, it also applies to all government buildings and offices without exception.
December 4, 1979 – Liberation of the Grand Mosque
Four years after the gas cylinder explosion, pilgrims again had to endure a deadly tragedy. Precisely on December 4, 1979, the kabbah in Mecca was attacked and captured by approximately 500.
The militants came from fanatical followers of Wahhabi teachings and understanding led by Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al Utaibi. In the incident, 153 worshippers were killed and 560 others seriously injured.
The group considered all islamic officials at the time to be highly corrupt and proxies to western powers, especially the United States.
Finally, with careful and neat planning he and his followers attacked the Grand Mosque on November 20, 1979 and made thousands of worshippers who were doing worship in it was used as a ransom. This was the first bloodshed in the modern history of Mecca.
July 31, 1987 Clashes Between Iranian Protesters and Saudi Police
Clashes between the Government of Saudi Arabia and Iranian protesters on July 31, 1987 killed 401 people. 275 of them are iranians, 85 Saudis, and 42 pilgrims from other countries.
Meanwhile, 643 people were injured in the incident, mostly Iranian pilgrims.
Iranian pilgrims stage a protest march against Islam’s enemies, namely Israel and the United States, in the city of Mecca. When they arrived in front of the Grand Mosque, they were blocked by Saudi security forces, but they still forced their way in.
Bloody clashes ensued which resulted in a chaotic situation with several people trampled by panicked mobs.
02 July 1990 Al Maaisim Tunnel Tragedy
The bloody event again occurred on July 2, 1990. A total of 1,426 pilgrims died in jostling and being trampled in the Al Maaisim tunnel. 631 of them are pilgrims from Indonesia.
The horrific incident allegedly happened because the pilgrims were about to throw and who had crossed the jumrah through the same tunnel.
In low oxygen conditions and panic, they trampled each other. Such conditions are unbearable for the pilgrims. Especially the elderly with weak physical condition exposed to the sun.
The pace of people in the tunnel suddenly stopped. Meanwhile, from the outside, the pilgrims urged entry. They want to cool the body immediately from the heat that reaches 44 degrees Celsius. As a result, the tunnel was designed to hold 1,000 people, crammed with 5,000 pilgrims.
May 24, 1994 Push and Step On Each Other in Mina
Four years later, the events of pushing each other and Stepping again occurred. On May 24, 1994, the incident in Mina was repeated. When the congregation wanted to perform jumrah in Mina, many pilgrims were trampled.
Pilgrims throw small stones to an 18-meter high monument as a symbol of the devil who came to tempt Prophet Ibrahim in performing worship to Allah SWT — which is about 155 meters away. At least 270 pilgrims were trampled to death while doing jumrah there. The location is only 400 meters.
May 7, 1995 Fire in Mina
A fire engulfed worshippers near the city of Mina on May 7, 1995. In the incident, three worshippers were killed and 99 others injured.
April 15, 1997 Fire in Mina
On April 15, 1997, two years later, a larger fire broke out again in a different place in a village but remained in the city of Mina.
In this incident the number of victims is more. The number of pilgrims killed was recorded as 343 people and injured 1,500 people. This fire has caused everything to go down.
April 9, 1998 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
A year after the fire, there was a repeat of the disaster in Mina. Stay on the initial problem, which is when the pilgrims perform the jumrah throw.
Precisely April 9, 1998, hundreds of pilgrims trampled back, killing no fewer than 118 people and injuring 180 others.
March 5, 2001 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
In 2001, jumrah also killed 35 pilgrims and there has not been recorded the exact number of injured in the ritual of throwing jumrah in Mina.
February 11, 2003 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
Two years later, at the same place, on February 11, 2003, 14 pilgrims were also recorded as being trampled to death. Worshippers were killed in Jumrotul Mina and six of the victims were women
February 1, 2004 Throw Jumrah That Eats Victims
The ritual of throwing jumrah again takes its toll. A total of 251 worshippers were killed during the jumrah and 244 others were injured by the stoning of other pilgrims, and trampled. This happens because of mutual push between congregations.
January 23, 2005 Banjir Bandang
At least 29 worshippers died in floods on January 23, 2005 and 17 were injured. It was the worst flood in 20 years in Medina.
January 5, 2006 Collapsed Inn
A total of 76 were killed in the collapse of an al-Rayahin inn on the Gaza road, about 200 metres west of the Grand Mosque.
January 12, 2006 Jamah Killed While Throwing Jumrah
A total of 346 jamaah of hajj and 289 others were injured during the jumrah throwing ritual. The disaster occurred when hundreds of people who had just arrived to perform the ritual collided with other pilgrims on the Jamarat bridge.
As a result of this incident, the Government of Saudi Arabia re-instructed Jamarat so that pilgrims do not have to crowd when throwing jumrah.
September 11, 2015 Crane Collapsed due to Strong Winds
A large crane fell on the Masjid Al Haram complex. The tragedy claimed the lives of 107 people and injured 238 others. The Government of Saudi Arabia said the crane crashed after being hit by a hurricane.