5 Discoveries of Muslim | Not many people know, it turns out that there are so many surprising discoveries happening in the Islamic world. These discoveries later shaped the modern world today.
All the information of the greatest invention in the Islamic world is printed in the book 1001 Inventions. The book is specially created to commemorate the forgotten history of the Muslim heritage over the last 1,000 years.
Coffee – Discoveries of Muslim
More than two hundred years ago, people tried so hard to stay awake from their sleep. Until one day, his flock of goats and shepherds, an Arab named Khalid, found a ‘fruit’ that kept them awake.
While herding on a mountainside in Ethiopia, Khalid noticed his goats were more agile and excited after eating a type of ‘berries’. Instead of eating the fruit, Khalid took home some and boiled it to make al-qahwa.
Clock – Discoveries of Muslim
A smart man named Al-Jazari from Diyarbakir in southeastern Turkey was a devout Muslim and a technician who was highly skilled in giving birth to the concept of automatic machines. Until 1206, Al-Jazari had made many hours of all shapes and sizes.
Just like modern humans today, Muslims more than seven hundred years ago also needed hours to organize their lives. The ancients realized the importance of knowing the time so that they could do good deeds such as knowing when to pray at the right time every day and performing adhan for prayer in mosques.
Ibn al-Haitham revolutionized the knowledge of optics. He transformed the previously philosophically discussed optical subject into a science that could actually be proven through experimentation.
Using a dark room with pinholes on one side and white sheets on the other, he has proven his theory. Light comes through the hole and projects an inverted image of objects outside the space on a white sheet on the other side. He referred to his findings as qamara.
Islam is based on purity and cleanliness, both in physical and spiritual form. In the Islamic world, from the 10th century, the products found in bathroom cabinets and the habit of clean living are no less than we have today.
In the 13th century, Al-Jazari, wrote a book describing mechanical devices, including a moving ‘wudu’ machine. The machine is brought in front of guests who will then press the tap head so that the water comes out eight times, providing enough water for wudu.
Muslims also make soap by mixing oil (usually olive oil) with ‘Al-Qali’, a type of salt. In addition, another Muslim scholar Al-Kindi in his book Book of the Chemistry of Perfume and Distillations wrote several perfume-making recipes.
University – Discoveries of Muslim
Knowledge is at the heart of Muslim civilization. The Qur’an instructs Muslims to seek, observe and reflect on science.
This is what Fatima al-Fihri was concerned about. This young woman from Morocco then triggered a learning center for the community.
In addition, he wants to give the Fes community a learning center. He also founded a large mosque called Al-Qarawiyin, in Fes which soon developed into a place for religious studies and political discussions. Education in Al-Qarawiyin was gradually expanded to all subjects, particularly the natural sciences.