After the Prophet Muhammad died in 632, the spread of Islam throughout the world had to be given over to his companions. They finally continued the holy mission while trading to all the lands of the world. Finally, with hard work, many of the great kingdoms in the world embraced Islam and made this religion the basis of its system of government.
These are the five most powerful Islamic kingdoms that are slowly spreading Islam to all corners of the world. Without this kingdom maybe in Indonesia even Islam has not entered and is not a country with the largest Muslim population in the world. Let’s get together.
1. Umayyad Caliphate (Islamic Kingdom)
The Umayyad Caliphate was the first Islamic caliphate in the world after Khulafaur Rasidin. The caliphate ruled from 661-750 in the Arabian Peninsula and 756-1031 in Cordoba, Spain.
This caliphate was first ruled by Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan. He was the one who expanded his territory to Africa, and areas in Asia such as Afghanistan.
After experiencing success to control many territories on three continents, gradually this caliphate experienced a period of fall. Finally in 756 this caliphate restarted its rule in the Spanish regions and lasted for more than 200 years.
The Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba was the spearhead of the spread of Muslims in Europe. Without this caliphate, Islam would not have been able to enter Europe, which is predominantly Catholic and Protestant Christian.
2. Ottoman Turkish Kingdom
The Ottoman Empire was the largest Islamic kingdom that survived between Asia and Europe for more than 600 years. The kingdom continued to expand power in Europe, Asia, and Africa while spreading Islam which was a hereditary mission from the time of the Caliph after the Prophet Muhammad.
The Ottoman Empire is also known as a country that has a very high religious tolerance. Although their mission is to spread Islam, there is no compulsion for people of other faiths. The government protects all its citizens despite having different religions.
When the Ottoman Empire succeeded, many artistic products such as architecture, performing arts, and singing began to be developed. Even literature and language development began to focus on benefiting all its citizens.
Unfortunately this greatness had to be completed after there was a new political force within the kingdom and made the Ottoman Empire must be dissolved and become the modern Turkey as it is today.
3. Mughal Sultanate
The Mughal Sultanate was a country founded by a Mongol leader named Barbur in 1526. The kingdom was gradually able to control a lot of territory in Afghanistan, as well as all regions in India.
This kingdom was even able to defeat the Sultanate of Delhi until finally all of India became its full power.
The heyday of the Mughal Sultanate occurred during the jalaluddin akbar period. He brought the Mughals into a wealthy country until finally continued by his son.
Shah Janan continued what his father did and made the Mughals even more powerful. One of the relics of Shah Janan is the famous Taj Mahal.
4. Mali Empire
The Mali Empire is one of the largest empires in Africa. The kingdom survived from 1234-1610. For almost 400 years this kingdom spread a lot of language, culture, and also agam in the West African region.
The Mali empire experienced its heyday when Islam began to enter the time of Mansa Musa I. At this time Musa I began to make Islam as the religion of the nobles and was eventually imitated by many people under it.
Moses I did not force the old traditions that had been embraced by many. He started a University of Islam and made this place as a source of Islamic research in the Mali Empire.
He performs hajj to Mecca and also performs other Islamic traditions. After Musa I the Malian Kekasiaran continued to survive until it finally collapsed in 1610 and broke into several African countries including the modern Mali.