Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. A Muslim is obliged to perform hajj if he is financially and physically able. For those who fall into the category of able, performing Hajj is mandatory at least once in a lifetime. So what are the facts of hajj that muslims rarely know?
- 1 Muhammad PBUH Only Once Perform Hajj
- 2 Number of pilgrims in the last 24 years (Facts about Hajj)
- 3 Area of Padang Arafah and Mosque in Padang Arafah (Facts about Hajj)
- 4 Number of Jumrah Throwing Stones for Female Pilgrims
- 5 Two Things to Avoid when Sa’i in Hajj
Muhammad PBUH Only Once Perform Hajj
The fact of the first hajj is that the Messenger of Allah صله الله عليه وسلم performs hajj only once, which is near the end of his life until it is called the farewell hajj. Surely this is beyond the amount of ‘Umrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did.
Narrated from Abu Ishaq, he said, I once asked Zaid ibn Arqam, “How many times have you fought with the Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Seventeen times.” Abu Ishaq said, “Then Zaid ibn Arqam told me that the Messenger of Allah had fought nineteen times, and he performed hajj once after he emigrated, namely hajj wada’.”
Number of pilgrims in the last 24 years (Facts about Hajj)
The fact of the second hajj is about the total number of pilgrims in the last 24 years. Saudi Arabia released the total number of pilgrims who have performed hajj in the last 24 years of 2018. The General Authority for Statistics (Gastat) said Saudi Arabia has served 52,683,893 pilgrims during the hajj since 1995.
The data is contained in a report obtained by the Daily Trust, related to the statistical figures of hajj. The page is running, the total number of worshipers from 1995 (1416H) to 2016 (1437H) is 47,960,096 people.
With the details of the total pilgrims from within the Saudi country, there are 16,027,649 people. While from abroad as many as 31,932,447 people. Meanwhile, in 2017, the total number of pilgrims was 2,352,122 people and in 2018 there were 2,371,675 people.
Area of Padang Arafah and Mosque in Padang Arafah (Facts about Hajj)
The fact of the third hajj is about the area of Padang Arafah. It is estimated that the area of Padang Arafah reaches 12 million square meters. So it is no wonder that Padang Arafah is able to accommodate pilgrims who number an average of 2.5 million per year.
In Padang Arafah there is also a mosque called Namirah Mosque. Quoted from the book ‘I Came to Fulfill Your Call: Guide to Prayer and Worship’ by Freddy Rangkuti and Siti Haniah, this mosque is only opened once a year or when it coincides with wukuf worship in Padang Arafah.
Namirah Mosque is not a place of wukuf. However, the whole field of Arafah is the place of Wukuf so it is not prescribed to go up to Mount Arafah, especially when jostling. Moreover, the condition of Padang Arafah is now overgrown with many trees so as to make the air cool.
Number of Jumrah Throwing Stones for Female Pilgrims
The fact of the fourth hajj is about the amount of pebbles that must be collected by female pilgrims when throwing jumrah. This depends on how many days he will spend mabit in Mina.
If he chooses nafar tsani, which is to spend three days tasriq (11,12,13 Dhul-Hijah) in Mina, he must collect as many as 70 pebbles. But, if he chooses naffar awwal, which is to spend two days tasriq (11 and 12 Dhul-Hijah) alone, he must collect 49 pebbles
The jumrah throwing ritual begins with the throwing of jumrah ‘aqabah on nahar day with seven pebbles.
So, the remaining pebbles there are still 63 pieces to throw jumrah for three days in Mina or 42 pieces to throw jumrah for two days in Mina. Every day, 21 pebbles are made to throw and every throw of seven pebbles,
Two Things to Avoid when Sa’i in Hajj
The fact of the fifth hajj is a question that should be avoided when performing one of the pillars of Hajj, namely Sa’i. During sa’i, pilgrims will run or walk back and forth seven times from Bukit Safa and end at Bukit Marwah. There is no special prayer or dhikr on every round of sa’i. But there are two things that often happen when Sa’i should be avoided
Facing the Kaaba and raising your hands as if praying
There are some pilgrims when they go up to Safa and Marwah, facing the Kaaba and raising their hands towards it while reading takbir as if they were praying.
This is wrong because the Prophet Muhammad صله الله عليه وسلم raised both palms only when praying. On this hill, it is enough to read tahmid and takbir, and pray to Allah SWT at will while facing qibla.
Fast walking between Safa and Marwah on all rounds
In fact, according to the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad صله الله عليه وسلم, brisk walking is only done between the two green signs. As for the others simply by walking normally.
That is the fact of hajj that is rarely known summarized from several sources. May Allah SWT give us the opportunity to set foot in the holy land.