1) Manuscripts of the University of Birmingham, England.
The University of Birmingham announced on July 22, 2015 that it had discovered the world’s oldest claimed Manuscript of the Koran. Results from studies using radiocarbon isotopes show that the manuscript of the Quran is about 1370 years old. Most likely the author of the Quran was one of the companions of the Prophet or tabi’in of the first generation.
The study with a 95 percent accuracy rate showed the Manuscript of the Qur’an was from the period between 568 and 645 AD. The Quranic manuscript was written in Hijazi script in parchment paper. The manuscript consists of two parchment papers including the 18th and 20th letters.
The manuscript is part of 3,000 documents from the Middle East owned by the University of Birmingham obtained several centuries ago through a Khaldean priest born near Iraq’s Mosul, Alfonso Mingana.
For a century, the Manuscript of the Qur’an was kept in the library of the University of Birmingham. No one noticed him. It was kept with documents and other books from the Middle East without anyone knowing that it was the oldest copy of the Qur’an in the world.
According to a University of Birmingham professor, the discovery of the Qur’anic description shows that there has been no difference in the Qur’an since it was first compiled.
On the other hand, the Director of the University of Birmingham Library said that the manuscript of the Qur’an was very important and became a global treasure about the Islamic world. Even so, a researcher from Saudi Arabia, Saud Al Sarhan questioned the authenticity of the date of writing.
He argued the manuscript was not as old as announced. But a professor who researches Islam and Christianity, David Thomas believes the manuscript of the Quran could bring researchers to the early days of Islam.
2) Manuscripts of the Quran found in Germany.
In mid-December 2014, researchers from the University of Tubingen, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, found a handwritten copy of the Koran. A copy of the Qur’an was obtained in the University library. Research using radiocarbon dating methods shows that the copy of the Qur’an dates from the period between 649-675 AD.
Even so, there are 20 to 30 copies of copies of the Qur’an that show a longer age of writing. The manuscripts were at the University of Tubingen around 1864 when the University purchased a portion of the book collection from Prussian Consul Johan Gottfied Witz Stein.
3) Manuscript of the Andalusian Quran.
In November 2014, Spanish media reported that researchers from the Universities of Malaga and Granada were studying a copy of the Koran kept by one of the Quranic Schools in Narathiwat, southern Thailand.
The Qur’an is claimed to be from the Andalusian era which probably belongs to the Andalusian prince Abdurrahman Al Ghafiqi. The copy of the Qur’an belongs to the headmaster of the Qur’an in Narathiwat, Muhammad Lutfi. He obtained a copy of the Qur’an from his Moroccan friend.
The school then sent a copy of the Koran to researchers in Spain. However, researchers still have difficulty deciding without careful study whether the Manuscript of the Qur’an comes from Andalusia or Morocco.
Abdurrahman Al Ghafiqi was one of the leading military leaders to take control of Andalusia before he was killed in 114 Hijri or 732 AD.
4) Manuscript of the Quran in Yemen’s Dhali Cave.
In October 2012 a young man from yemen’s Al Dhali town found the oldest copy of the Koran in a cave south of the city. The Quranic text is wrapped in leather as its cover.
On its front page is a description that the Quran was copied in 200 H. Thus allowing it to be one of the oldest Alqruan in the world.
A sword with a polished copper handle was also found next to the Qur’an. On the sword it was written in Dzul Fiqar in very clear Arabic. The name was so famous as the sword of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib.
The young man also received a lucrative offer to sell it. The last offer came in for 12 million Yemeni riyals, but the young man refused and chose to keep it.
5) Manuscript of the Qur’an in the Great Mosque of Yemen.
During the restoration of the Great Mosque in yemen’s capital Sanaa in 1972, workers discovered a secret place in the mosque. From that place, workers pulled out thousands of worn-out books and leather parkasmen written on them of ancient Arabic calligraphy. What the workers found turned out to be an ancient Qur’anic library.
Yemeni archaeologists confirm the manuscript of the Quran found dates back to the first century Hijri. Yemen’s Antiquities Authority at the time Ismail Al Akwa asked for German help in recovery and maintenance. In 1979, Germany approved a library restoration project.
Gred Bowen, a German researcher who became the first to examine the manuscript found in Sana’a. He began checking in 1981.
After research it was found that some of the written text is using the Hijazi script. The Great Mosque of Sana is the oldest mosque and the first to be built in Yemen. The mosque was built during the time of The Prophet Muhammad.