Hajj is the fifth pillar (pillar of religion) of Islam after the shahada, salat, zakat and fasting. Performing hajj is an annual ritual performed by muslims who are able (material, physical, and scientific) by visiting and carrying out several activities in several places in Saudi Arabia at a time known as the Hajj season (the month of Zulhijah).
This is different from the worship that can be done at any time. When performing hajj or Umrah pilgrims can visit 5 places of history in Medina and Mecca.
The core activities of the Hajj pilgrimage begin on the 8th of Zulhijah when Muslims spend the night in Mina, wukuf (silent) in Padang Arafat on the 9th of Zulhijah, and ends after throwing jumrah (throwing stones symbolizing satan) on the 10th of Zulhijah.
Indonesian people commonly also refer to eid al-Adha as the Feast of Hajj because it coincides with the celebration of this Hajj.
1) Jabal Nur and Hira Cave
Jabal Nur is located approximately 6 km north of the Grand Mosque. At the top is a cave known as Hira Cave. It was in this cave that the Prophet Muhammad received the first revelation, surah Al-‘Alaq verses 1-5.
2) Jabal Tsur, should to be visit when performing Hajj or Umrah
Jabal Tsur is located approximately 6 km south of the Grand Mosque. To reach Tsur Cave requires a climbing trip of 1.5 hours. It was on this mountain that the Prophet Muhammad and Abu Bakr as-Siddiq hid from the siege of the Quraysh when they were about to move to Medina.
3) Jabal Rahmah
It was the place where Adam and Eve met after they were separated from heaven. The important event is the place of the descent of the last revelation on the Prophet Muhammad, namely surat Al-Maidah verse 3.
4) Jabal Uhud
It is located approximately 5 km from the center of Medina. It was on this hill that there was a great war between the Muslims and the musyrikins of Mecca. In the battle, 70 martyrs were killed, among them Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, the Prophet Muhammad’s uncle.
The prophet’s love for the martyrs of Uhud, made him visit her almost every year. For this reason, Jabal Uhud became one of the important places to visit.
5) The Tomb of Baqi‘, should to be visit when performing Hajj or Umrah
Baqi’ is a graveyard for the inhabitants from the days of Jahiliyah until now. Pilgrims who died in Medina are buried in Baqi’, located to the east of the Prophet’s Mosque. This is where the tomb of Uthman ibn Affan, the prophet’s wives, sons and daughters, and companions were buried.
There are many differences in tombs such as in this holy land with tombs in Indonesia, especially in terms of laying tombstones.
6) Qiblatain Mosque
At the beginning of Islam, Muslims prayed in the direction of the Qibla towards The Maqdis Temple in Jerusalem, Palestine. In the 2nd year of the month of Rajab at the time of the Prophet Muhammad performing Zuhur prayers in this mosque.
Suddenly came the revelation of surat Al-Baqarah verse 144 which ordered that the qibla of prayer be changed towards the Kaaba of the Grand Mosque, Mecca. With the occurrence of this event, finally this mosque was named Qiblatain Mosque which means two-mosque.