Ancient Egypt is one of the great civilizations of the world. After the united kingdom emerged around 3150 BC, a series of dynasties ruled Egypt for the next three millennia.
During this extraordinarily long era, the ancient Egyptians produced some of the world’s most famous monuments, many of which survived for centuries. One of them is a pyramid that can amaze modern people.
The largest and most famous Egyptian pyramid is found in Giza, located just outside the Egyptian capital, Cairo. However, the Giza Plateau is not the only place where you can see the historic pyramids in Egypt. It turns out that these mysterious ancient buildings can be found throughout Egypt.
Here are some of the most amazing pyramids in Egypt:
1) Pyramids of Unas
The Pyramid of Unas was discovered in the Saqqara region and was founded in the 24th century BC. The Pyramid of Unas was built for Pharaoh Unas, who served as the last ruler in the Fifth Dynasty.
Made of limestone, the Pyramid of Unas was discovered by Western explorers in the 19th century, and mummies were found in tombs at the time. However, historians cannot confirm that the remains were in fact Unas.
Pharaoh had magical texts carved right on the walls of this pyramid designed to protect him in the afterlife.
Some pharaohs after Unas also did the same among the kings of Egypt. It is believed that the Pyramid Text was inspired for the Text of the Coffin and the Book of the Dead.
2) Crooked Pyramid
The Crooked Pyramid located in the Dahshur region is the second pyramid built by Pharaoh Sneferu. This pyramid structure is unusual because the banwah has a 54-degree angle, but the upper corner is closer to 43 degrees.
As a result, the pyramid looks almost crooked. The official name of the pyramid is Sneferu Pyramid, or Southern Brilliant Pyramid.
There are several theories about this twisted pyramid, but some historians believe that these theories are wrong.
Instead, the angular changes may have been caused by poor health of the pharaohs, thus requiring the completion of the pyramids in a shorter time, or perhaps a precautionary measure to stop the imperative collapse due to the steep angle of the original construction.
It is the only pyramid in Egypt whose outer layer is polished limestone.
3) Pyramids of Djoser
The pyramids of Djoser are located in the Saqqara area, about 25 km from Cairo. This pyramid was the first built by the ancient Egyptians.
The pyramid was built in the Third Dynasty by Imhotep for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser and was completed around the 27th century BC.
The pyramids of Djoser clearly look different when compared to the typical egyptian pyramid design, since technically, the designs are one of six mastaba stacked against each other.
The entire Djoser complex is surrounded by limestone walls, and there are 14 doors built into the walls. However, there is only one entrance, and the remaining door may only be intended as an aesthetic function or just a trick to trick people who intend evil.
Other important structures of Djoser are the large moats surrounding the complex and the ornate stone pillars in the corridors of the rows of roofed poles, carved to resemble a collection of reeds.
4) Pyramid of Meidum
The Meidum Pyramid is a pyramid that stands almost as tall as the Menkaurein Pyramid in Giza.
Meidum was built in the Third Dynasty of Egypt, which means older than the Pyramids of Giza. Meidum was designed for Huni, the last king of the Third Dynasty pharaohs.
You can see clearly that the construction of the pyramid is not yet complete. The outer layer of the pyramid was also constructed using sand, not stone, which may have caused the pyramid to collapse over time.
Currently, Meidum has three levels. The pyramid did not have a steep peak at the top, which is why many Egyptians call it el-heram el-kaddaab or pseudo-pyramid.
5) Pyramids of Hawara
The Pyramid of Hawara was built by the sixth Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, Amenmehat III. Historians put the construction of the Pyramids of Hawara around 1850 BC, making it about 3,865 years old.
The Pyramid of Hawara is often called the Black Pyramid because it looks much darker than other Egyptian pyramids from the same time period.
The pyramid is constructed of bricks and then covered with limestone, thus making it dark in color.
When it was first built, the Pyramid of Hawara was nearly 60 metres (200 feet) high, although erosion and desert sand have reduced its height slightly over time.
6) Teti Pyramid
When viewed from the outside the Pyramid of Teti looks completely destroyed, and can even be mistaken for a small hill rather than a pyramid structure.
Fortunately, the corridors and rooms located underground are in much better condition and have been preserved over time.
Although the valley temple is lost, you can still see the Great Teti Room, the inner chapel containing five different statues of Pharaoh Teti, the long passage leading to the burial chamber, and the tombs of Pharaohs.
The Teti pyramid is one of the important structures located in the field of saqqara pyramid.
Built between 2345 and 2333 BC in the Sixth Dynasty, Teti is only the second pyramid of the Egyptian pyramids to contain the Pyramid Text, or magic spells written or engraved on the walls of tombs.
7) Pyramids of Giza
iramida Giza or great pyramids lie in a desert expanse consisting of three great pyramids plus one Sphinx.
The three pyramids were Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Rakhaef/Chephren) and Menkaure (Mycerinus) plus three small pyramids.
Each of cheops chepren and mycerinus pyramids have interior similarities. There is a king’s room, a queen’s room, a tunnel door (which is one quarter of a meter in diameter and 40 meters long).
The Giza pyramid complex that the ancient Egyptians built about 5000 years ago. It is also believed that the cluster of stones in the Pyramids of Giza when put together could create a 3-meter-high wall with a thickness of 0.3 meters that could cover the whole of France.
When compared to the Empire State Building in New York, this pyramid is 30 times larger and can even be seen from the moon. While the Ancient Egyptians themselves built it within 30 years!