Heaven is a land of pleasure that God prepares for the godly. Heaven has many layers and stories. Each of these levels has its own door and its name. The names of paradise are taken from the nature of each of the gates of paradise as described from the book by Ibnul Qayyim al-Jauziyyah.
8 The names of paradise and its inhabitants according to the Quran and hadith
Paradise is a paradise created by Allah SWT from gold. This heaven is also referred to as the highest level of heaven. Its existence has been described in various quranic propositions.
One of them is Surah Al Kahfi verse 107 which reads,
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ نُزُلًا
“Truly, those who believe and do good, for whom paradise is provided as a dwelling place.”
The prospective inhabitants of this paradise are believers who are solemn in prayer, perform zakat, take care of themselves and avoid adultery, and always obey the commandments of Allah SWT.
Furthermore, Adn’s paradise was created by Allah SWT from white diamonds. This paradise is inhabited by believers because of the perfection of its faith and Islam. It is also for those who are patient in their lives.
God’s word about Adn can be heard in S.C. Shaff verse 12,
يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَيُدْخِلْكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ وَمَسَاكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِي جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
“Allah forgives your sins and puts you into the paradise that flows under the rivers, and into the good dwelling places in paradise ‘Adn. That is a great victory.”
The next heavenly names are heaven na’im or paradise of pleasure called created from white silver. The prospective inhabitants of paradise are explained in the word of Allah SWT surah Luqman verse 8,
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ النَّعِيمِ
“Surely those who believe and do righteous deeds, for them the paradises are full of pleasure.”
The word Ma’wa is commonly used to indicate where to live. The root of the word is awa-ya wi which means fused with a place and settled there. Atha’s exegesis said that Ma’wa’s paradise is referred to as the abbred of Gabriel and the other angels.
The existence of heaven Ma’wa is mentioned in surat An Najm verse 15,
عِنْدَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَىٰ
“Nearby is a paradise of abweltering.”
Jannatul ma’wa becomes a place for people who fear, do charity, resist lust, and believe in the greatness of Allah SWT.
Darussalam is a paradise created by God from the red yaqut. As for its inhabitants are those who believe and fear Allah, ponder the signs of His greatness, and those who always acknowledge the greatness of God.
Allah says in Surah Al An’am verse 127,
۞ لَهُمْ دَارُ السَّلَامِ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ وَهُوَ وَلِيُّهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
“For them a place of peace (paradise) in the sight of its Lord. And He is their protector because of the good deeds they do.”
The next name of paradise is Darul Muqamah which was created from white gems. The characteristics of its inhabitants are those who always hold on to the faith and Islam and multiply the charity of sholeh.
This proof of heaven’s existence is described in The Fathir verse 35,
ٱلَّذِىٓ أَحَلَّنَا دَارَ ٱلْمُقَامَةِ مِن فَضْلِهِۦ لَا يَمَسُّنَا فِيهَا نَصَبٌ وَلَا يَمَسُّنَا فِيهَا لُغُوبٌ
“Who placed us in an eternal place (paradise) from His grace; In it we do not feel tired nor lethargic.”
The names of paradise darul muqamah become a place designated by Allah SWT for the experts of gratitude.
Heaven Maqamul Amin
Al-Maqaamul is a paradise created by Allah (swt) from gold. Its prospective inhabitants are those who are very faithful (muttaqien), who are truly afraid of Allah SWT.
اِنَّ الۡمُتَّقِيۡنَ فِىۡ مَقَامٍ اَمِيۡنٍۙ
Allah said, “Those who fear are in a safe place.” (QS. Ad-Dukhan:51)
Khuldi is a paradise that he created from red and yellow. The characteristic of its inhabitants is one who obeys the commandments of Allah as stated in surah Al Furqan verse 15,
قُلْ أَذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ أَمْ جَنَّةُ الْخُلْدِ الَّتِي وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ ۚ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَزَاءً وَمَصِيرًا
Say, “Is such a punishment a good one, or an eternal paradise promised to the fearsome in return, and a place of return for them?”