Al-Ghazali, Philosopher and Greatest Muslim Theologian

Abu Hamid Muhammad bin Muhammad al Ghazali ath-Thusi asy-Shafi’i was a Persian Muslim philosopher and theologian, known as Algazel in the Medieval Western world. He was abu Hamid because one of his sons was named Hamid.

His title al-Ghazali ath-Thusi relates to his father who worked as a goatslst spinner and his birth place ghazalah in Bandar Thus, Khurasan, Persia (Iran). While the title asy-Shafi’i indicates that he is shafi’i.

He comes from a poor family. His father had high aspirations that wanted his son to be a pious and pious person. Imam Al-Ghazali was a prominent scholar, scholar, islamic philosopher who contributed much to the development of human progress.

He once held a position as Vice Chancellor at the Nizhamiyah Madrasah, a center of higher education in Baghdad. Imam Al-Ghazali died on 14 Jumadil Late 505 Hijri at the same time as 1111 AD in Thus. His body was interred at his birthplace.

Imam al-Ghazali had a strong and wise memory of the argument. He was called Hujjatul Islam because of his ability. He is highly respected in the two Islamic worlds, Saljuk and Abbasid, which are the center of Islamic greatness. He managed to master various fields of science.

Imam al-Ghazali loved science. He was also able to leave all the luxuries of life to convert and wander and to abandon the pleasures of life in search of knowledge.

Before he began his adventures, he had studied the work of renowned Sufis such as al-Junaid Sabili and Bayazid Busthami. Imam al-Ghazali has been traveling for 10 years. He has visited holy sites in large Islamic areas such as Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and Egypt.

He is famous as an Islamic philosopher who has made the name of scholars in Europe through his very high-quality work. Since childhood he has been educated with noble morals. This caused him to hate the nature of riya, magnificent, arrogant, takabur, and other despicable traits.

He is very strong worship, wara’, zuhud, and does not like luxury, falsehood, splendor and looking for something to get the pleasure of Allah SWT.

At a basic level, he received free education from some teachers because of his family’s poverty. The education gained at this stage allowed him to master Arabic and Persian fluently.

Because of his deep interest in science, he began to study ushuluddin science, mantiq science, the proposal of fiqh, philosophy, and studied all the opinions of the school to be proficient in the field discussed by these schools.

After that, he continued his studies with Ahmad ar-Razkani in the field of jurispruded, Abu Nasr al-Ismail in Jarajan, and Imam Harmaim in Naisabur. Because Imam al-Ghazali had the height of knowledge, he was appointed a teacher at the Madrasah nizhamiyah (a university founded by the prime minister) in Baghdad in 484 Hijrah.

8 Things to do when you are sick by Imam Ghazali

Then he was also appointed as Vice Chancellor there. He had traveled to places such as Mecca, Medina, Egypt and Jerusalem to meet with scholars there to explore his existing knowledge. In his adventures, he wrote the book of Ihya Ulumuddin which made a great contribution to society and human thought in all problems.

  • Tasawuf

– Ihya Ulumuddin (Resurrection of Religious Sciences) is his famous work
– Kimiya as-Sa’adah (Chemistry of Happiness)
– Misykah al-Anwar (The Niche of Lights)

  • Philosophy

– Maqasid al-Falasifah
– Tahafut al-Falasifah,[6] this book discusses the weaknesses of the philosophers of the time, which Ibn Rushdi later responded to in the book Tahafut al-Tahafut (The Incoherence of the Incoherence).

  • Ushul Fiqh

– Al-Mushtasfa min ‘Ilm al-Ushul

  • Logic

– Mi’yar al-Ilm (The Standard Measure of Knowledge)
– Al-Qistas al-Mustaqim (The Just Balance)
– Mihakk al-Nazar fi al-Manthiq (The Touchstone of Proof in Logic)

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