In common sense a man or rationally a learned person would surely agree that Isa and Jesus were the same man. But why is there a group of people who think of them as Prophets and there are groups that regard them as human beings?
Jesus is a figure in the Qur’an and the Bible. The three Abrahamic religions (Islam, Christianity, and Judaism) have conflicting views on Jesus. Islamic tradition holds that Jesus(Isa) was the last prophet and apostle of Allah among the Children of Israel, also seen as one of the apostles of Ulul Azmi.
He is also often called Al-Masih (Messiah) and ibn Maryam (son of Maryam). Its mention in the Qur’an mainly emphasizes two aspects: its glory and humanity. Jesus(Isa) is called a pious figure, prophet, and messenger of God, contrary to the Jewish views that humble him, as considered a bitch and idolater.
On the other hand, Jesus(isa) is also described as an ordinary man and is mentioned several times about the stern warnings to those who consult him, in response to mainstream Christianity lifting Jesus to the degree of divinity.
Jesus(isa) is seen as a prophet and apostle in Islam and is one of the ulul azmi. There are at least three Surahs of the Qur’an whose names have links to Isa alaihissalam: the third surah is named Ali ‘Imran (the Family of Imran) which is the name of Isa’s grandfather, the fifth surah is named Al-Ma’idah (dish) because it contains Jesus(isa) praying for a dish from heaven, the 19th surah is named Maryam who is the name of Isa’s mother.
Its mention in the Quran mainly emphasizes two aspects: its glory and humanity. Isa is mentioned as the leading man in this world and the Hereafter, close to God, godly, holy, and blessed.
It is also said that God taught the book, wisdom, torah, and gospel to Jesus(Isa). Muslims are also commanded to believe in the revelation of Allah, both revealed to Muhammad and to other prophets, among whom is Jesus(Prophet Isa).
On the other hand, Isa is also mentioned as a servant of God and is not reluctant to be a servant of God. With Mary, Jesus is said to have used to eat food, an expression of his humanity.
The creation of Jesus is also paralleled to the creation of Adam, explaining that the creation of both was due to the power of God. The Qur’an also provides opposition to various kinds of ideas that consult Jesus, such as regarding him as God, the son of Allah, or seeing that Allah is Jesus Himself.
Hadith history mentions there are a lot of things to Doa. The Prophet Muhammad declared that Jesus was a medium-bodied figure, field-busted, and his skin was reddish like he had just come out of the bath. At the time of isra’ mi’raj, Muhammad saw Yahya and Jesus in the second sky.
It is said that on the Day of Resurrection, Allah made Jesus an argument for the poor and poor. The meaning is that people on the Day of Resurrection can not reason that they cannot worship because of the hassle of shortcomings and factors, because Jesus who is so poor still obedient to worship God.
“And We continued in their footsteps by sending Jesus the son of Mary, justifying the previous book, the Torah, and We sent down the gospel to him, in which there was guidance and light, and justified the previous book, the Torah, and as guidance and teaching to the fearers.” Al-Ma’idah (5): 46
There are several opinions regarding the real name of Isa. Some claim that the Hebrew name ישע Yesyua’ or Y’syua’ is the real name of Jesus. The name is called short for יהישע Yehosyua’.
Clement of Alexandria and Cyril of Jerusalem argued that the Greek name Ἰησοῦς Iēsous was The Real Name of Jesus and that the name was not a derivative of its Hebrew form.
Another opinion states that the real name Isa uses the name Aramaic ܝܫܘܥ Yesyu’ (West Suryani) or Isyo’ (East Syriac), considering he grew up and preached primarily in Aramaic.
The name Jesus used by Christians is derived from the Greek name Iēsous. Arab Christians refer to Jesus with يسوع Yasū’ which was descended from Yesyua’ with phonetic changes. Yasū’ was used before islam and continues to be used in the days after.
The origin of the name Isa used in the Qur’an is still not fully resolved and there are some opinions related to this.
The Qur’an (islamic holy book) mentions Jesus’ name 25 times. [a] He was also called ibn Mary 23 times[b] and Al-Masih 11 times. [c] His story is mentioned in Surah Ali ‘Imran (3): 49-55, Al-Ma’idah (5): 110-118, and Maryam (19): 24-36. In the Bible (Christian scriptures), his story is mentioned in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.