Best 10 Muslim Scientists

Best 10 Muslim Scientists | Islam has given birth to many scholars and scientists who are quite good in various fields, such as philosophy, science, politics, religion, medicine, and many others.

One of the characteristics that can be noticed from Islamic scientists is that they are not only mastering one science, but several fields of science simultaneously.

Here is a list of Best 10 Muslim scientists with their famous fields of expertise :


One of the best of muslim scientist is Al Farabi. His full name is Abu Nashr Muhammad . He was born in 870 AD in Farab, a city in central Turkey. Al-Farabi was a genius who mastered 89 languages and was a professor of Islam in the fields of fiqh, philosophy, science, medicine, music, and poetry.

He had lived in Baghdad for 40 years studying Arabic and Greek, then studied Aristotle’s philosophy and logic. When Aristotle was known as the first teacher, then Al-Farabi was dubbed as the second teacher and the Father of Islamic Logic.

Throughout his life, Al-Farabi wrote more than a hundred Arabic-language books in philosophy, science, medicine, music, and others. Some of his best-known works are At-Ta’lim Ats-Tsani, Al-Musiqi Al-Kabir, Ihsha’u Al-Iqa, and Ihsha’u Al-Ulum wa At-Ta’rif bi Aghradhiha.

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Al-Khawarizmi or whose real name is Muhammad Ibn Musa al-Khawarizmi is known as the Father of World Algebra.

It creates the use of secans and tangens in trigonometry and astronomy. In addition, Al-Khawarizmi also created a numbering system that is very important to be used today.

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Ibn Haitham

Ibn Haitham is the Father of Modern Optics who has the real name Abu Ali Muhammad Al-Hassan Ibn Al-Haitham. In clever circles in the West, this Islamic scientist born in 965 AD is known as Alhazen.

His writing on eye treatment has become an important reference that is still being studied to this day. Ibn Haitham did a lot of research on light and has inspired Western scientists such as Boger, Bacon, and Kepler, in creating microscopes and telescopes.

In addition, Ibn Haitham had invented the principle of air unity before Trricella and gravitational power before Issaac Newton.

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Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldun is an Islamic scientist known as the historian and Father of Sociology.

In addition, he is known as the Father of Islamic Economics because of his thoughts on logical and realistic economic theory long before Adam Smith and David Ricardo.

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Ibn Sina

Ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna, was a Persian philosopher, scientist, and physician born in 980 AD.

As one of islamic scientists in the field of medicine, he is also touted as the Father of Modern Medicine. His most famous work is Qanun fi Thib, which has been a reference in medicine for centuries.

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Imam Al Ghazali

Imam Al Ghazali is a leading Muslim scientist in the philosophy and Sufism scene. During his life, this figure often referred to as Algazel was very active in writing.

His works on the issues of ushuluddin, aqidah, fiqh, philosophy, manthiq, and Sufism are numerous. Some of them are Arba’in Fi Ushuliddin, Al Iqtishad Fil I’tiqad, Ma’ariful Aqliyah, and others

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Al-Kindi made a great contribution to philosophy, hence he was also referred to as an Arab philosopher. Not only that, Al-Kindi also productively wrote many works from several disciplines, such as metaphysics, ethics, logic, psychology, pharmacology, mathematics, and so on.

Some of his famous books are:

  • Al-Kindi ila Al-Mu’tashim Billah Fi Al-Falsafah Al-Ula,
  • Al-Falsafah Ad-Dakhilat wa Al-Masa’il Al-Manthiqiyyah wa Al-Muqtashah wa Ma Fawqa Al-Thabi’iyyah,
  • An-Nahu La Tanalu Al-Falsafah Illa Bi ‘ilm Al-Riyadhiyyah.

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Jabir Al-Hayyan

The next inspiring world Islamic figure is Jabir Al-Hayyan, who is recognized as

The Father of Arab Chemistry. Jabir Al-Hayyan is known to develop two major chemical operations, namely calcification and chemical reduction. In addition, it also improves evaporation, sublimation, smelting, and crystallization methods.

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Ibn al-Nafis

Ibn al-Nafis was born in Damascus, Syria, in 1213 AD. The Muslim scientist nicknamed The Father of Circulatory Physiology was also the first to reveal the theory of capillary blood vessels.

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Al Zahrawi

Al-Zahrawi was a physicist and surgeon born in 936 AD in Andalusia. One of his best-known works is Al-Tasrif, which contains a collection of medical practices, including dental and childbirth.

For his role in the discovery of syringes, forceps, scalpels, scalpels, Al-Zahrawi was dubbed the Father of Surgeons.

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