3 Buildings Left by the Ayyubid Dynasty

Islamic World Heritage – The Liberator of Jerusalem, Shalahuddin Al Ayyubi, was not only a brave and respected commander of the Muslim army. History records that he was also the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty and became a resounding muslim leader.

Shalahuddin was originally vizier of the Abbasid Caliph in Damascus. He was assigned to Egypt then controlled by the Fatimid Dynasty in 1169. On 27 Rajab, 833 years ago, Shalahudin Al Ayyubi liberated Jerusalem after the Preyconduct of the Crusade against the Roman army.

In 1171, the Shia Fatimid Dynasty was conquered and power returned to the Abbasid Caliphate. Three years later, Shalahudin Al Ayyubi was declared sultan of the region. The Ayyubid dynasty was established in Egypt at that time.

The Ayyubid dynasty in the hands of Shalahudin Al Ayubi succeeded in restoring Sunni teachings in the land of Egypt. The reigning area of this Dynasty was mostly in the Middle East during the 12th and 13th centuries. Ayyubid conquered many territories in 1183. His rule extended from Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, The Hijaz, Yemen, and the Coast of North Africa to the Tunisian border.

The greatest relic of this dynasty is military architecture. Its rulers paid great attention to the construction of mosques. The following is the legacy of the al-Ayyubid Dynasty which became a legacy for the Islamic world:

1. Minaret of the Great Mosque of Aleppo, build by Ayyubid Dynasty

The minaret of the Great Mosque of Aleppo was built by Sultan Az Zahir Ghazi, one of the rulers of the Ayyubid Dynasty in 1214 AD. The minaret building rises into the sky, consisting of five levels with a crown peak surrounded by a veranda. The tower is decorated with various ornaments.

Inside is a beautiful arch composed of bricks. EJ Brill in the Encyclopaedia of Islam explains, the tower is quite unique among all Muslim architecture.

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Archaeologist Ernst Herzfeld described the architectural style of the tower as a product of Mediterranean civilization. Although it has a Middle Eastern nuance, this building also has a gothic pattern so that it becomes distinctive.

2. Firdaus Madrasa, build by Ayyubid Dynasty

It was built in 1236 by Queen Al-Malika Dayfa Khatun. This building was directly funded by the queen. It is a waqf asset for the development of local community education.

This complex functions as a center for Muslim worship and Islamic learning. There students learn about the Quran, jurisprudence, history, akidah, Sufism, and more.

This madrasa was built in the midst of the life of the Aleppo people who love to trade and scholars who are insightful. It was from that school that people were enlightened with the science and teachings of Islam that colored their lives. The location of this building is very strategic. Was on the side of the road. So it is easily accessible to anyone.

3. Cairo City Fortress

3 Buildings Left by the Ayyubid Dynasty
3 Buildings Left by the Ayyubid Dynasty

The most radical change Shalahuddin implemented in Egypt was to merge Cairo and al-Fustat in one wall. The structure of the bull is taken from the building style of some cultures. This is clearly seen on the curtain wall that follows the natural topography.

Many are also inherited from the Fatimids, such as round towers to observe the surrounding situation. In September 1183 the construction of the Cairo Fortress began. According to historian al-Maqrizi, Shalahuddin chose Muqattam Hill to build the fort because the air there was fresher than anywhere in the city.

The walls and towers of the northern part of the fort are mostly the work of Shalahuddin. His successor, al-Kamil completed the construction of the bull. He strengthened and enlarged several existing towers.

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