Concept of God(Allah) – Some western scholars claim that Muhammad also used the term God in communicating with Arab and Jewish pagans or Christians. whereas if further studied, there is a difference in the concept of divinity between the Gods spoken of by the Prophet and the belief of the God of Idolatry at that time.
God (Allah) in Islam vs God in pre-Islamic Arabia
When comparing pre-Islamic Arabic polytechnicism, God in Islam has neither friends and allies nor ties between God and Jin. Pre-Islamic pagan Arabs began with idols brought to Arab land by ‘Amr bin Luhay. They then mixed up between the monotheism ibrahim brought and paganism.
They believe in a fate that is fuzzy, powerful, and unassuming beyond what humans cannot control. This understanding is replaced by the idea of Islam, the Most Gracious, the Almighty God.
God (Allah) in Islam vs God in Judaism
According to Francis Edwards Peters, “The Qur’an requires Muslims to believe, and historians agree that Muhammad and his followers worshipped the same God as the Jewish God.
Allah the Qur’an is the same Creator God who made a covenant with Ibrahim. Peters states that the Qur’an describes God as stronger and broader than Yahweh, and as the God of the universe, unlike Yahweh who is only closer to the people of Israel.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, God in the Qur’an says, “loves the good,” and the two passages in the Qur’an express a mutually understanding love between God and man. But Judeo-Christian teaching “love God with all your heart” is not formulated in Islam.
This pressure is more on the freedom of God’s will, so everyone must surrender. Most importantly, “surrendering to Allah” (Islam) is the religion itself.
God in Islam vs Christianity
Islam firmly rejects the Christian belief that God is three persons in one essence (Trinity). In the Islamic conception of God, there is no equivalence between God and creation. God’s presence is believed to be everywhere, and not incarnated as anyone or anything.
Western Christians felt Islam as an infidel religion during the first and second Crusades. Muhammad was seen as a demon or false god worshipped with Apollyon and The Indings in an unholy trinity. The traditional Christian view is that God Muhammad is the same as the Lord Jesus.
Ludovico Marracci (1734), the recipient of the confession of Pope Innocent XI, states: Muhammad and his orthodox followers, have and went on to have original and logical ideas of God and His attributes, emerging so clearly from the Qur’an itself and the whole belief in God Muhammad, that it will take a lot of time to deny who thinks God Muhammad is different from the true God.
The most common praise of Muslims to God is ‘The Most Merciful, the Merciful’. The other two are “asma’ul husna” God ‘Most Merciful’ (wadud) and ‘Most Giver’ (wahhāb).
William Montgomery Watt held that Christianity had more pressure in God’s rules of conduct as herders who went in search of lost sheep and saved them.
On the other hand, Islam rejects some prayers for anyone who has infidels. In Islam, Watt says, God provides favors for each faction to attain eternal life (e.g., life in Heaven) by sending messengers or prophets to them.
Islam also developed the doctrine of the intercession of Muhammad on the Day of Resurrection that would accept them well, although those who sinned would be judged for their sins both on earth and in hell.
The name “Allah Swt”
Allah is the Arabic word for God (الله, literal meaning: the God). It has other relatives in Other Semitic languages, including Elah in Aramaic, Ēl in Canaan, and Elohim in Hebrew.
The word is primarily used by Muslims to refer to God in Islam, but it has also been used by Christian Arabs since pre-Islamic times. Babism, Baha’i, Indonesian and Maltese Christians, as well as Mizrahi Jews also use it frequently, although not exclusively.
Allah is the only God (without allies), the Creator, the Judge of all beings, almighty, merciful, merciful and God of Abraham, Ishma, Ishaq, Jacob, Moses, Dawud, Solomon, Jesus, and Muhammad.
According to F.E. Peters, the Quran states: “… And do not argue with the People of the Scripture except in the best manner possible, except with the wrongdoers among them.”
And say, “We believe in what has been sent down to us and what has been revealed to you. Our Lord and your Lord are one; and we submit only to Him.” — Al-‘Ankabut 29:46
So Muslims believed and historians agreed, that Muhammad and his followers worshipped the same God as the Jews worshipped.
Allah, his Qur’an, is the Lord of Abraham. Peters says that the Qur’an describes God as more powerful and distant than Yahweh,” and is also a universal God, unlike Yahweh who is closer to the nation of Israel.”
Based on the description of Allaahu ismun lemonade dzaatil wajibul wujuud means Allah is a name to which there must be existence (existence).
So it is clear that Allah is a name to something that is obliged to be served properly, because based on the description: Allaahu ismun lemon dzaati ma’budi bi haqq means: Allaah is a name to something that must be served (ma’budi) with the actual service (worship).
In Islamic tradition there are 99 names for Allah (Asma’ul Husna), taken from the names the Qur’an uses to refer to Allah. Among these names are: Al Malikul Mulk (King of Kings, Most Kings), Al Hayy (Most Alive) or Al Muhyii (Most Giving Life).