In Arabic, the term Dajjal is commonly used to refer to “false prophets”. However, the term ad-Dajal, which is meant here refers to the figure of a “liar” who appears towards the end of the world or the apocalypse.
This figure is also referred to as al-Masih ad-Dajal; what is meant here is “Al-Masih Palsu”. According to some sources, the term comes from the Syrian term, Meshiha Dethala, which has been a common vocabulary in the Middle East for more than 400 years before the Qur’an was handed down.
In the Lisân al-‘Arabic dictionary, it is stated that Dajjal comes from the word dajala, meaning to cover. Why does it say cover up? Because he is a liar who will cover up all truth with his lies and falsehoods.
It is said to “cover up” because the Dajal will one day cover the earth with its vast number of followers. There are also those who argue that the Dajjal will one day cover man with paganism or disobedience to the truth that comes from Allah Swt.
Dajjal according to the Quran
Then, who exactly is the Dajjal according to our main and first reference in digging up various information, mainly related to religion, namely the Qur’an al-Karim? Unfortunately, the word Dajjal is not mentioned directly in the Qur’an. However, our second source, namely the hadith of Prophet Muhammad PBUH.
Why is the Dajjal not mentioned directly in the Qur’an? We need to answer this question first before tracing the information about the Dajjal from the hadith of the Prophet Saw. The real answer, of course, is only Allah Swt. the All-Knowing. However, scholars give opinions on this subject.
The mention of the Dajjal in the Quran is included in the following verses:
“Are they awaiting the coming of the angels, or your Lord ˹Himself˺, or some of your Lord’s ˹major˺ signs? On the Day your Lord’s signs arrive, belief will not benefit those who did not believe earlier or those who did no good through their faith.1 Say, “Keep waiting! We too are waiting.”
” (QS al-An’âm : 158).
Dajjal, the sign of the apocalypse
In Sura al-An’am verse 158 above it is mentioned “signs or verses of your Lord”, which are meant to be signs of the apocalypse, in this case the emergence of the Dajjal.
For, it is mentioned in a hadith, that the Messenger of Allah has said: “Three things when they have arisen (happened) then there is no benefit to a faith for an unbeliever (before): the Dajjal, dâbbah, and the rising of the sun from the west.”
Indeed, the Qur’an does not mention the Dajjal clearly as a despission against him because he has claimed to be a god even though he is a man, where circumstances are very contrary to Rabb’s glory, majesty, perfection, and chastity of all flaws. Because the Dajjal is so despicable on the side of Allah and so small that it is not worth mentioning (in the Qur’an).
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Nevertheless, the Prophets gave warnings of his coming, explaining the dangers of his slander, as already explained. Indeed, every Prophet has given a warning of (his appearance) and a warning against his slander.
In contrast to the pharaoh
If there is a rebuttal (to the phrase) with the statement that even the Qur’an has mentioned Pharaoh even though he has claimed to be a god worshipped, then the answer is that Pharaoh’s problem has passed and is over.
This hl is mentioned as a warning and lesson to man afterwards. However, the Dajjal will live in the last days and will be a test for mankind.
As for the problem of the Dajjal, then indeed it will happen in the last days. There is no mention of this in the Qur’an as a trial for man, even though his recognition as a god is clearer, so there is no need to pay attention to his immortality because the Dajjal is very visible in its flaws, obviously its ugliness, and its humility is clearer than the confession it exclaims.
So Allah did not reveal it (in the Quran), for Allah Ta’ala knew from His faithful servants that such a thing was not vague to them, and did not add to them except faith and surrender to Allah and His Messenger, as the young man who was killed by the Dajjal said, “By Allah, truly I am more convinced of you on this day that you are the Dajjal, ” Shahiih al-Bukhari, kitab al-Fitan, chapter La Yadkhulud Dajjal al-Madinah (XIII/101, al-Fat-h).
Yajuz and Majuj
Ibn Hajar revealed that the question of the absence of a clear mention of the Dajjal in the Qur’an has always existed, because indeed Allah Ta’ala mentions Ya’-juj and Ma’-juj in the Qur’an, while their slander is close to the slander of the Dajjal.” Fat-hul Baari (XIII/91-92, al-Fat-h).
Such is among the answers of the scholars about the non-mention of the Dajjal directly in the Quran