Difference between ‘Prophet’ and ‘Apostle’ in Islam

The word “prophet” comes from the word naba which means “from a high place”; Therefore people ‘who are on high’ should have a vision to a distant place (prediction of the future) called nubuwwah.

The scholars mention many differences between prophets and apostles, but the explanation here only explains the difference.

The History of Prophets and Apostles in Islam

1. Ibn Kathir said that, Ibn Abi Hatim narrated a hadith from abu Ubaidah’s friend, he said that the Jews had killed 43 prophets at once in the morning, then there was a group of shalih people who opposed the murder, but in the afternoon a group of shalih people were killed them as well.

2. The prophets may convey the revelations they receive but have no obligation to a particular people or a particular region. Meanwhile, the word “apostle” comes from the word risala which means delivery. Therefore, the apostles, having first been appointed prophets, were tasked with delivering revelations with obligations to a particular people or region.

3. The Prophet is a man who was given revelation by Allah to continue the Shari’ah carried by the previous apostle. In contrast to the apostle who brought a new treatise (Shari’ah).

4. The Qur’an refers to some as prophets. The first prophet was Adam, while the last prophet was Muhammad. Believing in prophets and apostles is one of the Pillars of Faith in Islam.

5. In Islam there are many prophets, most of whom belong to the class of prophets from among the Children of Israel or prophets of the descendants of Israel (Ya’qub) such as Joseph, Moses, Solomon, Jonah etc. and the number of prophets that must be known as mentioned in the Qur’an are 25 prophets with 4 of them being recipients of the Holy Book: Moses (Torah), David (Zabur), Jesus (Gospel), Muhammad (Quran).

6. According to Islamic tradition, the number of prophets is 124,000 while the number of apostles is 315.” The number of prophets was 124,000, 315 of whom were apostles. A lot.” (HR. Ahmad no. 22288 and sanadnya are considered shahih by al-Albani in al-Misykah).

7. The number is very large because it is believed that the whole nation was sent by God. “There is not a single people, but in their neighborhood there has been a warner.” (QS. Fathir: 24)

8. In Islamic sharia it is said that Muhammad is as Khataman Nabiyyin or The Cover of the Prophets. In the Qur’an it has been explained in Surah Al-Ahzab verse 40 states: “Muhammad is not the father of a man among you, but he is the messenger and the covering of the prophets, and is Allah is All-Knowing.

5 People Who Have Similarities to the Prophet

9. The Qur’an refers to some as prophets. The first prophet was Adam and the last prophet and apostle was Muhammad who was assigned to convey Islam and special rules to mankind in his day so that Man was ready to face the Day of Resurrection.

10. In addition to the 25 prophets and apostles, there are also other prophets as in the story of Khidir with Moses written in Surah Al-Kahf verses 66-82. There is also the story of Uzayr and Shamuil. Also the prophets are written in hadith and the Qur’an, such as Justin’ bin Nun, Iys, and Syits.

11. While the saint who is still debated as a prophet or only guardian is Luqman al-Hakim in Surah Luqman.

Criteria of prophet and apostle

It is said that the prophet and apostle had several criteria that must be met, including:

  • Chosen and appointed by God.
  • Get a revelation from God.
  • Smart.
  • From the people of The Children of Adam (Man).
  • The prophet and apostle were men.

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