It is said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) throughout his life married 11 women, there are also opinions that say the number is 13 women.
Six women are from quraysh:
1) Sayyidah Khadijah bint Khuwailid,
2) Sayyidah Sauda bint Zamah,
3) Sayyidah Aisha bint Abi Bakr As-Siddiq,
4) Sayyidah Hafsa bint Umar bin Khattab,
5) Sayyidah Um Salamah, and 6) Sayyidah Um Habibah bint Abu Sufyan.
Al-Azhar Fatwa Center through its official page on Facebook, Al-Azhar Egypt explained that 4 women among the Prophet’s wives are non-Quraysh Arab women. That is:
1) Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahsy,
2) Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith,
3) Sayyidah Zainab bint Khuzaimah, and
4) Sayyidah Maimuna bint Al-Harith.
READ ABOUT : 7 Facts About Khadija (Prophet Muhammad’s Wife)
The non-Arab is Sayyidah Shafia bint Huyay of the Children of Israel.
Then there is Sayyidah Mariah Qibtiah and Rehana bint Zayd al-Nazariyyah. It is explained that the marriage of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is only for noble purposes, lofty ideals, and the inspiration of Allah SWT.
Al-Azhar explained in his fatwa that some of the Prophet’s wives were widows, and among them were two daughters of two of his friends and two friends whom he married out of respect for their parents.
Al-Azhar Fatwa Center shows that the granting of the title “ummahatul mukminin” is a nickname given to the prophet’s wife. This is to clarify their honorable position with the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Thus Muslims are obliged to love and honor the wives of the Prophet as if they were mothers themselves, both respect in status and respect for anything forbidden to do to the mother.
This is as alluded to in the word of Allah SWT in the Qur’an surah Al Ahzab verse 6:
النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَىٰ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ ۖ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ