How the Prophet (PBUH) fasts in the month of Ramadan ?
Ramadan is the holiest month among other months in the Islamic calendar. As a people of the Prophet, have you ever asked about how exactly the Prophet Muhammad SAW performs his fasting during Ramadan?
Of course, not a few Muslims who want to do every worship as exemplified by the Prophet Saw, including in terms of fasting. Allah SWT in His words also praised the Prophet (pbuh) as a good example for the people
: لَقَدۡ كَانَ لَكُمۡ فِىۡ رَسُوۡلِ اللّٰهِ اُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَنۡ كَانَ يَرۡجُوا اللّٰهَ وَالۡيَوۡمَ الۡاٰخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللّٰهَ كَثِيۡرًا
“Indeed, in the Messenger of Allah there is a good example for you for him who hopes for Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.” Al-Ahzab: 21)
The main thing to do before fasting is the intention, because this is a condition of the validity of fasting and the validity of all other types of worship. Sabda Rasulullah SAW
“Surely every practice depends only on his intentions and everyone only gets what he intends,” (HR. Bukhari).
Therefore a Muslim should really pay attention to the issue of intention, because this is the benchmark accepted or not a practice
A Muslim when going to fast should intend sincerely and determined to fast sincerely because Allah SWT, by:
- Intention in the heart
- It is obligatory for the fasting person to intend from nightfall, i.e. after sunset until dawn.
- The obligation to intend from this evening is common in obligatory fasting as well as fasting sunnah.
- It is not permissible to intend once for one month and even be required to intend every night according to the strongest opinion.
Fasting Tips by Rasulullah PBUH
1. Eat Sahur
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has suggested suhoor, and as his sunnah, muslims follow it. If only the Prophet (s) had not suhoor, his people would have considered ‘not sahur’ as his sunnah.
However, the Prophet understood that sahur was a form of affection towards his people, so he did so and was advised for those who want to fast. In a hadith, The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:
“Be clear to you, for there is a blessing in it.” (HR. Nasa’i)
So, if you want to skip sahur and prefer to sleep, keep in mind that the Messenger of Allah is used to eating sahur and will urge his people to follow it also because there is a wonderful blessing.
2. Fajr Prayer at the Mosque
Prophet Muhammad SAW will start his day with dawn prayers with worshippers in the mosque? So, instead of going back to sleep after suhoor, it is better to imitate the prophet by heading to the nearest mosque to perform the morning prayers in congregation.
The Prophet (pbuh) said:
“Whoever prays at dawn will be under the protection of Allah.
3. Charity to the Poor
In addition to fasting, keeping away from the pleasure and deepening ties with Allah SWT, Ramadan is also about giving alms and sharing with the poor. Ramadan is the time to offer help to our less fortunate Muslim brothers and sisters.
During Ramadan, The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) usually performs generous and charitable acts continuously by giving alms and encouraging his companions to do so as well.
When fasting, when a person does good, including giving alms, he will get 10 times his deeds. This is as stated in surah Al-An’am verse 160. In fact, not only 10 times but can exceed that, which is up to 700 times that of his charity. That’s why Allah is All-Rich.
4. Manage Emotions While fasting,
not infrequently there may be a feeling of a little hunger and irritability. In fact, it is quite normal because the brain needs fuel to regulate emotions and of all the emotions it has, anger is the most difficult to control.
Ramadan is a great opportunity to practice more awareness of God, which can lead to better self-control.
As narrated by Abu Hurayrah, that the Prophet (pbuh) once said: “Fasting is a protection for you, so when you fast, do not be obscene or stupid, and if anyone argues or harasses you, say, ‘I fast. I fast,” (HR. Muwatta Malik).
So, whenever you’re in a stressful situation that can be infuriating or upsetting, use this opportunity to calm down and breathe. Rest assured, that the reward for managing your anger rather than venting it will be much greater and more satisfying in this life and beyond
5. Read The Quran
Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an is revealed. The Prophet and his companions used to read the Qur’an more often than other months.
In a hadith it is mentioned: “I did not know that the Prophet (pbuh) recited the entire Qur’an in one night, or qiyam prayer until morning, or had fasted a whole month except Ramadan,” (HR. Nasa’i).
So try to at least be able to recite the Qur’an at least 1 time during Ramadan, as exemplified by the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions.
6. Do not delay iftar
In terms of breaking the fast, The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has instructed us through many hadiths not to delay it. One of his words is: “People will continue to do well as long as they break fast quickly,” (HR. Abi Dawood).
The Prophet understood that by nightfall, our energy levels would run out. That is why he often hastens his companions to break the fast because there is no reward if he delays iftar.
7. Tarawih Prayer
Tarawih is a worship that is only devoted to be done at night in the month of Ramadan
As narrated by Abu Hurayrah, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “Whoever prays at night in Ramadan because of his sincere faith and seeks the reward of Allah, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Bulugh al-Maram).
If for some reason, such as the current condition of Covid-19, you can not join the congregational prayers in the mosque, do not be discouraged, because you can still pray tarawih at home.
8. Pray for Others
If your schedule is usually crowded with business meetings and social events, it can be difficult to find time to meet and connect with friends or loved ones. So, whenever it comes to mind about someone (even if one of them is the one currently disliked), take a moment to pray for them.
In his words, The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “When a Muslim begs for his brother who is not present, the angels say: Amiin, and may you accept the same,” (HR. Abu Dawood).
Praying for others is a simple but beautiful way to gain spiritual peace and tranquility. Because it can soften our hearts, and reduce the feelings of pain that a person may have.