Allah is the Arabic word for God (al-Ilāh, the Lord). It has other relatives in Other Semitic languages, including Elah in Aramaic, Ēl in Canaan, and Elohim in Hebrew.
The Concept of God in Islam
In the Islamic concept, God is called Allah and is believed to be the Real and One Supreme Being, the Creator of the Most Powerful and All-Knowing, the Eternal, the Determinant of Destiny, and the Judge of the universe.
Islam emphasizes the conceptualization of God as the Only and Almighty (Tawhid).
He is wahid and Esa (Sunday), The Most Merciful and The Almighty. According to the Qur’an there are 99 Names of Allah (asma’ul husna meaning: “the best names”) that remind each of God’s different qualities.
All these names refer to God, the name of God Is High and Most Wide. Among the 99 names of Allah, the most famous and most commonly used are “The Most Compassionate” (ar-rahman) and “The Most Merciful” (ar-rahim).
The creation and mastery of the universe is described as an act of greatest generosity for all creations that praise His majesty and bear witness to His anesthesy and his power.
According to islamic teachings, God exists without having to manifest in any form. The Quran explains, “He cannot be reached by the sight of the eyes, and He can see all that is visible. And He is the All-subtle, the All-Knowing.” (Al-‘An’am 6:103).
God in Islam is not only the Almighty and the Almighty, but also the personal God: According to the Qur’an, He is closer to man than the veins of the human heart. He answers to those in need and asks for help if they pray to Him.
Above all, He guides man on the straight path, “the way he has.” Islam teaches that God in the Islamic concept is the same God worshipped by other Abrahamic religious groups such as Christians and Jews. However, this is not universally accepted by the two religions.
The concept of divinity in Islam is classified into two: the concept of divinity based on the Qur’an and hadith literally with little speculation so that many scholars in the field of faith agree on it, and the concept of divinity that is speculation based on deep interpretations that are speculative, philosophical, even mystical.
God in the Qur’an and Hadith
According to the mufasir, through the first revelation of the Qur’an (Al-‘Alaq 96:1-5), God showed himself to be the teacher of man. God taught man many things including the concept of divinity.
Muslims believe the Qur’an is the kalam of Allah, so all the information of Allah in the Qur’an is “Allah’s telling of Himself.” In addition, according to the Qur’an itself, the recognition of God has existed in man since man was first created.
While still in spirit form, and before being born into the earth, God tested man’s faith in Him and at that time man affirmed God and became a witness.
So according to scholars, the recognition makes it innately natural that humans already know God.
Like when man is in trouble, he will automatically remember the existence of God. The Qur’an confirms this in the direction of Az-Zumar 39:8 and Surah Luqman 31:32.
Allah is One
The oneness of God or Tauḥīd is to believe and believe wholeheartedly that God is One and (wāḥid). The Qur’an affirms the existence of His single and absolute truth which exceeds the universe as; Invisible substances and uncreated substances.
According to the Qur’an: “… And your Lord is rich again with mercy. If He wills He will destroy you and replace you with whom He wants after you, as He has made you of the descendants of others. (al-An’am 6:133)”
Equating God with creation is the only sin that cannot be forgiven as mentioned in the Qur’an.
Muslims believe that the whole teaching of Islam rests on the principle of Tawhid, which is to believe “Allah is One, and there is no ally to Him.” Even tawhid is a theoretical concept that must be implemented because it is an absolute requirement of every Muslim.
The Qur’an refers to the nature of ِممشا in asmaul husna (QS. Al-A’raf 180, Al-Isra’ 10, TaHa 8, Al-Hasr 24)
The names are traditionally summed 99 as the highest name (al-ism al-aʿẓam) which is the highest name of Allah.
The command to mention the names of Allah in the qur’anic literary exegesis is in Surah Al-Isra’ verse 110, “Say: “Call on Allah or call on Ar-Rahman. By whichever name you are exclamation, He has asmaul husna (the best names),”
And also Surah Al-Hashim 22-24, which includes more than a dozen names of the Lord.” God’s glorious qualities are infinite. It is also listed in Asma’ul Husna.