Food is one of the basic needs of man and whoever is living human certainly needs food. In Islam, everything that concerns human life is regulated by allah SWT including about food.
Allah created the earth and made lawful for mankind all that benefits it, and He has forbidden all things that are in the heavens and all that is in the earth.
Food can affect a person’s physical and mental condition and affect their faith and quality of worship.
So important is this food problem that Allah himself mentions which foods should not be consumed or haram in the Quran.
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said: “Whichever flesh grows from something haraam, hell is better for him.”
To know more clearly about the provisions and types of haram food then see the following explanation about haram food according to Islam:
Haram Food Meaning
the word haram is derived from an Arabic word meaning something forbidden. So it can be concluded that haraam food is food or an object that is haraam consumed by humans, especially Muslims and if it continues to consume it then it is sinful.
Basic Law of Haram Food
Allah does not forbid anything without cause and effect. All provisions of Allah have a legal basis mentioned in the Qur’an and hadith of the Prophet (pbuh).
The following are some of the evidences that become the legal basis for the prohibition of food
QS Al Al raf 157
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الْأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنْجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالْأَغْلَالَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّورَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ مَعَهُ ۙ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
Those who follow the Messenger, the unlearned Prophet, who finds it in the Torah and the Gospel with them, who enjoins them to do what is right and forbids them what is wrong, and forbids them what is good, and forbids them what is bad, and throws out from them their burdens and fetters. So those who believe in it. Honour him, help him, and follow the light which has been sent down to him; He said, “I have come to you with a sign from your Al-A’raf: 157)
QS Al Baqarah 195
وَأَنْفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
“And spend in the way of Allah, and do not cast yourselves into perdition, and do good. Qs. Al-Baqarah: 195
Hadith of the Prophet SAW :
“No harm to oneself and no harm to others”.
Therefore everything is forbidden all food and drink that can harm oneself or can kill a person slowly, as well as cigarettes, poisons, drugs, liquor, and the like.
Haram Food Group
Basically all food is halal but can be haram for two reasons, and haram food in Islam itself is divided into two main groups, namely the following mentioned
Because of its substances
Food is haraam because of its substances, it is intended that the food has been declared haraam constituent substances and should not be consumed because the mudharat is greater than its benefits.
Examples of illicit foods of this group are pork, blood, carcasses, dog meat, khamr or alcoholic beverages and so on.
Because of the reason
Food that is forbidden because of the reason is a type of food that basically contains substances that are halal and can be consumed. However, the food is obtained in a way that is not halal for example by stealing, deceiving usury to commit adultery, food intended as offerings in shamanic rituals and others.