History of the Land of Palestine: Facts and Conflict Reason

The Palestinians are in a major conflict with Israel. There is a lot of support flowing for the liberation of Palestine, especially after many casualties were caused by the war between the Israeli military and the Palestinian militant group Hamas in the Gaza Strip, even as the attack killed civilians. So what about Palestinian history? Why is it often beset by conflict?

Palestine is a small territory, but plays an important role in the history of the ancient and modern Middle East. Palestine is also a conflict-prone area and often gains land grabs because its existence is considered important to some major religions.

Geographically, Palestine is a strategic area because it is at the crossroads between Africa and Asia. Palestinians also have a strong desire to become an independent state.

The Origin of the Word Palestine

As reported by Britannica, the word “Palestine” comes from the Greek “Philistia”. The name was given by the Greek writer to refer to the land of the Philistines.

In the 12th century BC, they lived on a small part of the land on the south coast between Tel Aviv-Yafo and modern Gaza.

The name was later reused by the Romans in the 2nd century BC as “Syria Palaestina”, to denote the southern part of the Syrian province.

The word eventually entered Arabic to describe the region from the beginning.

From the time the Ottoman Empire collapsed in World War I until 1948, the word “Palestine” was used to refer to the geographical area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.

While the Arabs have referred to the territory as Palestine since the early 20th century

There are many parts of Palestinian land that Israel now owns. Theoretically, however, the Palestinian territories include the West Bank which is between Israel and Jordan, then the Gaza Strip bordering Israel and Egypt. Nevertheless, Palestine does not have complete control over the region

There is no international consensus on the Palestinian border. Today, there are many territories that the Palestinians claim but have occupied for years.

There are more than 135 U.N. member states that recognize Palestinian sovereignty as an independent state, but Israel and several other countries, including the United States, have differing stances on that.

Historically, Palestine was ruled by many groups, including Assyria, Babylonia, Persia, Greece, Rome, Arabia, Seljuk Turkey, Crusaders to Egypt.

The Ottoman Empire controlled most of Palestine from about 1517 to 1917. However, when the Ottoman Empire collapsed when World War I ended in 1918, Palestine was controlled by the British.

The League of Nations then issued a mandate to the British to administratively control the Palestinian territories, including the provision of establishing a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and coming into force in 1923.

The Beginning of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: Continues To This Day

After more than two decades of British rule in Palestine, in 1947, the United Nations proposed a plan to divide palestine into two parts, namely as an independent Jewish state and as an independent Arab state.

Meanwhile, the City of Jerusalem, which is both claimed by Palestinian Jews and Arabs, will be made international territory with special status.

The plan was controversial, Jewish leaders agreed, while the majority of Palestinian Arabs vehemently rejected it. According to Arab groups, they should be given more territory because it represents the majority of the population. They began forming volunteer forces throughout Palestine.

In 1949, the British withdrew from Palestine. While Israel declared itself an independent state. At that time, Palestinians objected, and Arab states were mobilized to prevent the establishment of an Israeli state

It led to the Arab-Israeli War in 1948. By the time the war ended, Israel had already controlled most of the former British territory, including most of Jerusalem. Jordan controls the West Bank and Egypt controls Gaza.

Why Is Palestine So Special to Muslims?

Israel also seized the Golan Heights from Syria. And seized the West Bank and east Jerusalem from Jordan. The reason is Arab aggression on its borders. Nevertheless, Israel offered to return the territory they had seized in exchange: Arabs must recognize Israel’s right to life and provide reassurance for future attacks.

However, the offer was rejected by Arab leaders. Only Egypt negotiated the return of the Sinai Peninsula with an offer of full diplomatic recognition of Israel. Israel’s occupation of the Palestinian territories has led to decades of conflict and violence.

Until now Palestine still fights for its fate and independence in order to be officially recognized by all countries. Although Palestinians occupy key territories, including the West Bank and Gaza Strip, some Israelis live in areas that are generally agreed to be under Palestinian control.


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