The minarets, as well as the large dome of the mosque, seemed to bear witness to how victorious Islam was in the middle ages. The mosque has gone through the longest series of years in history to date.
From the Crusades to the Gulf War. For more than 1000 years, the architecture of the mosque slowly began to adapt the mosque building to modern architecture.
The first Mosque
When the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) arrived in Medina, he decided to build a mosque, now known as the Prophet’s Mosque, which means Prophet’s Mosque.
The Prophet’s Mosque is located in the center ofMadinah. The Prophet’s Mosque was built in a large field. In the Prophet’s Mosque, there is also a pulpit that is often used by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Prophet’s Mosque became the heart of Medina at that time.
The mosque is used for political activities, urban planning, determining military strategy, and for entering into agreements. In fact, in the area around the mosque is used as a temporary residence by Poor people.
Today, the Grand Mosque, Prophet’s Mosque and Masjid al-Aqsa are the three holiest mosques in the world.
Spread of the Mosques
The Mosque were later built in areas outside the Arabian Peninsula, along with Muslims who settled outside the Arabian Peninsula. Egypt became the first region controlled by the Muslim People in 640.
Since then, the Egyptian capital, Cairo, has been filled with the mosque. Therefore, Kairodijuluki as a city of a thousand towers. Some mosques in Cairo serve as Islamic schools or madrasas even as hospitals.
Mosques in Sicily and Spain do not mimic visigothic architectural design, but mimic the architecture of the Moors. Scientists then estimated that pre-Islamic building forms were later converted into Islamic architectural forms of Andalus and Magribi, such as examples of horseshoe arches on the doors of mosques.
In China, the first mosque built there was in the 8th century in Xi’an. The Great Mosque of Xi’an, which was last reconstructed in the 18th century AD, follows Chinese architecture.
Mosques in western China, such as xinjiang, follow Arabic architecture, where there are domes and minarets. Meanwhile, in eastern China, as in the Beijing area, it contains Chinese architecture.
Mosques began to enter the indian region in the 16th century when the kingdom of Mugal came to power. Mosques in India have other architectural characteristics of mosques, such as domes shaped like onions. This type of dome can be seen in Jama Mosque, Delhi.
During the Ottoman Empire, the mosque was first established in the 11th century AD, at which time the Turks began to convert to Islam. Some of the earliest mosques in Turkey were Aya Sofya, where in Byzantine times, the Aya Sofya building was a cathedral.
The Ottoman Empire had unique architectural characteristics of the mosque, consisting of a large dome, minaret and the exterior of an airy building. Mosques in the Ottoman Empire usually collaborated high columns, small paths between shaf-shaf, and high ceilings, also by combining mihrab in one mosque.
Until recently, Turkey was the home of a mosque characterized by Ottoman architecture.
Gradually, mosques entered several parts of Europe. The rapid development of the number of mosques began to be seen a century ago, when many Muslim immigrants entered Europe. Major cities in Europe, such as Munich, London and Paris have large mosques with domes and minarets.
The mosque is usually located in an urban area as a center of community and social activities for Muslims in the area. Even so, one can find a mosque in Europe if around the area is inhabited by Muslims in large numbers.
The Mosque first appeared in the United States in the early 20th century. The first mosque to be established in the United States was in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, which was built in the late 1920s.
After all, as more Muslim immigrants came to the United States, especially from South Asia, the number of mosques in the United States increased dramatically. Where the number of mosques in 1950 was about 2% of the number of mosques in the United States, in 1980, 50% of the number of mosques in the United States was established.