Moslimdaily – The Quran in the form of mushaf was collected during the time of khulafaur Rasyidin. However, in fact, quranic mushaf has existed since the time of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم. How was the Quranic mushaf during the time of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم?
In nabawiyah there are several names of friends who have a special duty as authors of revelations. So, throughout the 23 years of the descent of the Quranic verses, everything was confirmed to be written by the companions. None of the verses escaped unwritten.
This is explained in the book Getting to Know More About the Life of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم written by Ustadz Ahmad Sarwat and published by Rumah Fiqih Indonesia. It is explained that the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم had 48 scribes of revelation. Among the most popular are Zaid bin Tsabit and Ubah bin Ka’ab.
So how the writing of the revelation was done, whereas in the time of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in Medina there was no use of paper. History records, Ts’ai Lun, the inventor of paper from China, has been making paper since the second century AD. However, the paper has not yet been mass-produced. So the price of paper at that time was not ergonomic. In addition, in the market that exists in Medina no one sells paper.
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As it turned out, the text of those Quranic verses was not written on paper as is available today. Quranic verses at the time of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم were written on animal skins, date palm fronds, flat stones and sometimes written on wide or sprawling camel bones. Yes, the wide and sprawling camel bones were also used for the medium of writing Quranic verses in those days.
The Quran consists of more than 6,000 verses. Then you can imagine how many objects are inscribed with Quranic verses and scattered out of order. Thus, after the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم died, the scattered objects inscribed with Quranic verses were rearranged according to the order of verses and surahs. It began during the caliphate of Abu Bakr Ash Shiddiq. Then, it was continued by Caliph Umar bin Khattab and Caliph Uthman bin Affan.
Today, Ottoman mushaf is available and can be found by Muslims. Although the paper media used is certainly different, the arrangement of the Quran is still the same. Because, the preparation of the Quran during the time of Khulafaur Rasyidin was in accordance with the instructions and practice of reading the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم. And, it has stayed awake until now.