Ibn Al-Baithar, Pioneer of Botany from Andalusia

Pioneer of Botany from Andalusia is a Muslim

Botany is a science that has a great contribution to the survival of mankind in the world of medicine. So importantly, this science is still used today. The science that discusses the surrounding plants is useful for the treatment of the extracts it produces.

In the Middle Ages, a famous Muslim scientist appeared who had done a lot of research on plants for the process of identifying their benefits and dangers. Named Ibn Al-Baithar, he is a skilled and tenacious researcher. Not just any experiment, the excavation is to find out and ensure its validity and validity.

His full name is Dhiya’ Al-Din Ibn Al-Baithar. He came across as a respectable plant scientist again wise, born in Malaga, Andalusia in 1197 AD and died in Damascus in 1248 AD. Because of his gait and dedication Ibn Al-Baithar is called the greatest Arab botanist of the Middle Ages.

The Childhood of Ibn Al-Baithar

Ibn Al-Baithar, Pioneer of Botany
Ibn Al-Baithar, Pioneer of Botany

Ibn Al-Baithar since childhood has been interested in anything about the plant world. By the time he reached ten years old, he desperately went to the forest to spend his time wandering among the trees, plants and flowers. He pondered and covered them, even illustrated, gathered information about them and wrote them down.

His scientific journey took him to various different countries, ranging from Greece, Sham, Morocco, Spain to Egypt. Ibn Al-Baithar was so compulsive with the habit of collecting plants and studying them very carefully. Even anyone who has a scientific capacity regarding natural history, without prestige and feels high Ibn Al-Baithar will gain knowledge from it.

At the time of his move from Damascus to Egypt, Ibn Al-Baithar sent a letter to his teacher, Abu Al-Hajjaj Al-Maghribi about his excellent condition and was fine. At that time he was thirty-two years old.

From Alexandria he went to Cairo, and the day after his arrival. He was asked by al-Malik al-Kamil to serve his bimaristan (hospital) and pharmacy, and allow him to practice his profession on Egyptian soil.

The carefulness and determination of the steel learned by Ibn Al-Baithar is not merely a crackdown. This evidence is corroborated by the speech of his own disciple, Ibn Abi Usaybi’a:

Ibn Al-Baithar studied the books of Galenus, Al-Ghafiqi and Dioscorides. He memorized as well as he understood it, even he didn’t leave a single part without studying it and practicing extracting drugs from the book.”

His madness gathered various weeds and plants to make Ibn Abi Usaybi’a amazed.

During the time of King Al-Kamil Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr bin Ayyub, Ibn Al-Baithar was placed as head of medicine in the land of Egypt. The king relied on him for drugs and weeds.

After the death of King al-Kamil, his son Al-Saleh Najm Al-Din as successor to power retained Ibn al-Bitar under his devotion in the city of Damascus.

In addition, Ibn Al-Baithar also added to the wealth of science by writing leading books on plants that successfully helped and advanced science and showed the benefits of plants for the manufacture of medicines.

He thoroughly examined it thoroughly until he was convinced by witnessing for himself the validity and truth of the information. His madness gathered various weeds and plants to make Ibn Abi Usaybi’a amazed.

During the time of King Al-Kamil Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr bin Ayyub, Ibn Al-Baithar was placed as head of medicine in the land of Egypt. The king relied on him for drugs and weeds.

After the death of King al-Kamil, his son Al-Saleh Najm Al-Din as successor to power retained Ibn al-Bitar under his devotion in the city of Damascus.

Exploring Historic Hospitals In The Heyday Of Islam

In addition, Ibn Al-Baithar also added to the wealth of science by writing leading books on plants that successfully helped and advanced science and showed the benefits of plants for the manufacture of medicines.

Ibn Al-Baithar is not a figure with a typical jumput here and there an information. He thoroughly examined it thoroughly until he was convinced by witnessing for himself the validity and truth of the information.

The Important Books of Ibn Al-Baithar :

1. Al-Jami’ li Mufrodati al-Adwiyah

In this book Ibn Al-Baithar mentions everything related to drugs, their names, what they contain, what are the benefits and what symptoms are thought to occur.

Max Meyerhof, Orientalist author of “Studies Medieval Arabic Medicine,” said it was the best Arabic book on botany. It contains many discussions of more than 150 books, most of which are Greek, with verifications, notes and revisions.

It contains an explanation of more than 1,400 plants, animals and mineral medicines, including 300 new drugs with explanations of how to use them as food and medicine.

2. Al-Mughni fi Al-‘Adwiat Al-Mufrodat

This essay is called the second monumental book after the book of Al-Jami’, because it contains twenty neatly arranged chapters on how to treat and heal diseased organs briefly.

Each of the diseases such as headaches, earaches and body fever is immediately followed by information on drugs to overcome the disease. Not to be separated also the pain of the limbs affected by toxins and the drugs that are most often used.

His other works are Al-Mughni in At-thib, Maqolah fi Al-Lemonade, Kitab fi At-Thib, and Mizan At-thabib.

The Scientific Path of Ibn Al-Baithar

Ibn Al-Baithar’s scientific integrity when writing books and his decision-making was based on direct experience, so that when he wrote Al-Jami’s book it referred to fifty books, and twenty of them greek books.

His scientific method is characterized by critical awareness with a full commitment to objectivity. For example, when he writes, runut and runtut mentioned where the drug appears, the benefits contained, and limit the parts that should be limited with the right points so as not to widen everywhere.

This step is taken in anticipation of confusion or distortion for those who copy or who only read his books. Because mistakes regarding drugs can be bad for people’s lives.

Ibn Al-Baithar died in Damskus in 646 A/1248, he left a scientific legacy that bears witness to his extraordinary genius.

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