Ibn Sina : Father of Modern Medicine Is a Muslim

Biography of Ibn Sina

Shaykh Rais, Abu Ali Husein bin Abdillah bin Hasan bin Ali bin Sina, known as Ibn Sina or Avicenna was born in 370 AH in the city of Ashfahnah khormeisan village near Bukhara, now Uzbekistan (later Persia).

Died in June 1037 in Hamadan, Persia (Iran). Since childhood, Ibn Sina came from a family of Ismaili Shi’a and was familiar with scientific discussions, especially delivered by his father.

He is the author of 450 books on several major subjects. Many of them focus on philosophy and medicine. He is regarded by many as the “father of modern medicine.”

George Sarton called Ibn Sina “the most famous scientist of Islam and one of the most famous in all fields, places, and times.”

His most famous works are The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine, also known as Qanun (full title: Al-Qanun fi At Tibb).

Ibn Sina fully paid his attention to scientific activities. His genius made him quickly master many sciences, and despite his young age, he was already proficient in medicine.

He became famous, so King Bukhara Nuh ibn Mansur who ruled between 366 and 387 HIJRI when he fell ill called Ibn Sina to treat and treat him.

Ibn Sina’s Background

Ibn Sina was an active philosopher, scientist, doctor, and writer born in the golden age of Islamic Civilization. At that time Muslim scientists translated many scientific texts from Greece, Persia, and India.

Greek texts from the Plato era, thereafter to aristotle’s time were intensively translated and developed more advanced by Islamic scholars. This development was mainly carried out by the college founded by Al-Kindi.

The development of science in this time includes mathematics, astronomy, algebra, trigonometry, and medical sciences.

During the Samayid Dynasty in the eastern Part of the Persian Khurasan region and the Buyid Dynasty in western Iran and Persian gave a supportive atmosphere for scientific and cultural development.

During the Samaniyah Dynasty, Bukhara and Baghdad became the cultural and scientific centers of the Islamic world.

Other sciences such as the study of the Quran and Hadith developed with the development with an atmosphere of scientific development.

Other sciences such as philosophy, Jurisprudence, Kalam Science are very developed rapidly. At that time Al-Razi and Al-Farabi contributed knowledge in the field of medicine and philosophy.

At that time Ibn Sina had access to study in large libraries in balkh, Khwarezmia, Gorgan, Ray City, Isfahan and Hamedan. In addition to the large library facilities that have a large collection of books.

At that time there were also some Muslim scientists such as Abu Raihan Al-Biruni a famous astronomer, Aruzi Samarqandi, Abu Nashr Mansur a famous mathematician, Abu al-Khayr Khammar a physicist and other famous scientists.

Ibn Sina’s Career

Starting his first career Ibn Sina followed the work of his parents, namely helping the duties of Amir Nuh bin Mansur.

He was, for example, asked to compose a collection of philosophical thoughts by Abu al-Husayn al-Arudi. For this he compiled the book al-Majmu’.

After that he wrote the books al-Hashil wa al-Mashul and al-Birr wa al-Ism at the request of Abu Bakr al-Barqy al-Hawarizmy.

After he was twenty-two years old, his father died, and then there was a political turmoil in the governing body of Noah the son of Mansur. The two sons of the kingdom, Mansur and Abd Malik fought for power, which was won by Abd Malik.

Furthermore, in the unstable government there was an invasion carried out by the sultanate of Mahmud al-Ghaznawi, so that the entire territory of samani kingdom centered in Bukhara fell to Mahmud al-Ghaznawi.

In a state of political situation for him, Ibn Sina decided to leave his home region.

He went to Karkang which included the capital al-Khawarizm, and in that area Ibn Sina received respect and good treatment.

Ibn Sina was also acquainted with scholars such as Abu al-Khir al-Khamar, Abu Sahl ‘Isa bin Yahya al-Masity al-Jurjani, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni and Abu Nash al-Iraqi.

After that Ibn Sina continued to Nasa, Abiwarud, Shaqan, Jajarin and continued to Jurjan.

After the last city he visited was also less secure, Ibn Sina decided to move to Rayi and work for As-Sayyidah and his son Madjid al-Daulah who at that time was sick, and helped heal him.

Also Read : The Book Of Ibnu Sina

Ibn Sina’s Education

Ibn Sina’s education began at the age of five in his hometown of Bukhara. The first knowledge Ibn Sina learned was to read the Qur’an,

After that Ibn Sina’s education continued by studying Islamic religious sciences such as Tafsir, Fiqh, Ushuluddin and so on.

Thanks to his perseverance and intelligence, Ibn Sina managed to memorize the Quran and mastered various branches of religious sciences at the age of not even ten years.

In other fields of education, ibnu sina also studied several disciplines including Mathematics, logic, physics, medicine, Astronomy, Law, and so on.

With his intelligence, he studied philosophy a lot. But he had difficulty understanding Arisstoteles. After Ibn Sina read al-Farabi’s work in his treatise, Ibn Sina was able to understand metaphysics well.

At the age of 16 ibnu sina began to be known as a medical expert, and was well known by the time he was 17 years old with the proof that he had successfully cured the disease suffered by the sultan Samani Nuh Ibn Mansur.

To increase his knowledge in the field of education ibn Sina also spent much of his time reading and discussing books that he considered important in the government library of Nuh ibn Manshur named kutub Khana.

This is where ibn sina quenched his thirst for learning day and night so that all science could be mastered properly.

In history, ibn sina’s education has undoubtedly, from his sincerity and seriousness, indirectly contributed greatly to us Muslims all over the world.

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