Definition, Beliefs, and Teachings in Islam

What Is Islam

Islam is one of the largest religions spread throughout the world today. Islam is also the only religion that is accepted by Allah SWT.

Islam continues to develop and can be accepted by many people thanks to the efforts made by the Prophets and also our scholars.

Islam is also different from other religions that take the name of religion from the name of the founder or the name of the place of its spread.

The name of Islam is a term that indicates the attitude and nature of its adherents towards Allah SWT. The name Islam was born not because of a gift from a person or a group of people, but rather from the Creator directly, Allah SWT.

Allah says in The Quran :

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

“And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers.” Qs. Ali ‘Imran: 85)

Definition of Islam

Islam is rooted in arabic words namely “aslama”, “yuslimu”, “islaaman” which means submissive, obedient, and safe. Islam means total submission or submission to Allah SWT.

A muslim person means he surrenders and is obedient to the teachings of Islam. A Muslim means also having to be able to save yourself, as well as save others. Not quite safe but also saving

In terms of Islam is a religion that was revealed by God through His messenger, the Prophet Muhammad SAW as a guide for mankind and in order to live happily in the world and the hereafter.

The essence of his teachings (pillars of Islam) is to testify that there is no god but Allah and the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, establishing prayers, giving zakat, fasting in Ramadan, and going to Hajj if he is able.


Islam came to earth to build people in peace with a total surrender to Allah SWT, so that a Muslim will put the store of peace on himself and others. Also the safety of oneself and the salvation of others.

In a hadith the Prophet (pbuh) said:

الْمُسْلِمُ مَنْ سَلِمَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ لِسَانِهِ وَيَدِه، وَالْمُهَاجِرُ مَنْ هَجَرَ مَا نَهَى اللَّهُ عَنْهُ


A Muslim who saves another Muslim from his words, and from the deeds of his hands, and the one who emigrates is one who emigrates from something that Is forbidden by Allah. (HR. Nasa’i).

Islam has the meaning of complete surrender to Allah SWT. Followers of The Teachings of Islam are referred to as Muslims which means a person who submits to God.

The term for men is Muslimin, while for women it is a disbeliever. Islam teaches its ummah that Allah SWT sends his word to mankind through his messengers, the Prophet and Messenger.

As well as making sure that the Prophet Muhammad PBUH is the prophet and the last messenger sent to the world by Allah SWT.

Beliefs in Islam

pillar of islam
Belief of islam

Belief in Islam is found in two sentences syahadah which means “I testify that there is no God but Allah SWT, and I testify that the Prophet Muhammad SAW is a messenger of Allah SWT”

The essence of this principle is the oneness of God and prophetic recognition of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.

If a person believes and recites the two sentences of syahadah, then he is considered to have become a Muslim and status as a convert or a convert to Islam from his initial beliefs.

In Islam, there is something that should be believed and believed to exist, namely:

1. The Pillars of Islam

Muslims should uphold these 5 pillars of Islam, where these five Pillars of Islam are used as pillars to unite Muslims as a community.

The contents of the five Pillars of Islam are :

– say two sentences of shahadah and believe that no one has the right to be obeyed and worshipped correctly and sincerely except Allah SWT alone
– believe that the Prophet Muhammad SAW is a servant and apostle of Allah SWT,
– set up one mandatory 5 times a day,
– fasting in Ramadan,
– pay zakat
– perform hajj for those who are able.

2. Pillars of faith

As Muslims, we should also believe and believe in the 6 pillars of faith that concern the following:

– faith in Allah SWT,
– faith in the angels of Allah SWT,
– faith in The Books of Allah SWT which are The Quran, Gospel, Torah, and Zabur,

Allah ta’ala said to the Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi wa sallam,

وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقاً لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِناً

“And We have sent down to you the Book with the truth as a justification of the earlier books and the stone of the test on them.” Qs. Al Maa’idah: 48

– faith in the Prophet and Messenger of Allah SWT,
– faith in the Day of Resurrection,
– faith in Qada and Qadar.

Also Read : Pillars of Islam and Iman (Faith)

Islamic purposes

The existence of Islamic teachings certainly has a very noble purpose for mankind. the purpose and meaning of islamic teachings is so that people’s lives can be more directed both in this world and in the Hereafter.

With the provisions that have been taught by the Messengers of Allah SWT through the teachings of the book that has been revealed by Allah SWT by the messenger.

The existence of Islam is able to provide guidance and guidelines for people who believe in it so that it can be avoided from things that are not approved by Allah SWT.

In addition, the existence of Islam can also be used as a guide in life, a helper in difficulty, mental calm, and moral control

Scope of Islamic Religion

Broadly speaking, Islam consists of 3 scopes, namely:

1) Human relationship with its creator, Allah SWT where this is listed in QS Az-Zariyat verse 56 and QS Al-Bayyinah verse 5.

2) Human relationship with man listed in QA Al-Maidah verse 2.

3) Human relationship with other beings or their environment as stated in QS Ibrahim verse 19.

Demographics of Muslims (Muslims)

Today, Muslims in the world have reached 1,250 to 1.4 billion spread around the world. The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia.

The growth of Muslims itself is believed to reach 2.9% annually where the population growth in the world only reaches about 2.3% only.

Some say there is a link between the growth and the high birth rate in many Islamic countries.

Although recently it was also found that there is a decrease in the birth rate of Muslim countries to the level of Western countries.

Teachings of Islam

Almost every Muslim in the world belongs to one of the four major Islamic-recognized sects (Madhab), namely the Shafii sect, the Hanafi sect, the Hambali sect, and the Maliki sect.

Each of these sects certainly adheres to the same and one islamic teachings, although in the implementation of sharia there is sometimes a slight difference between one sect and another.

The fundamental and irrrrable teachings of Islam are:

1. Allah SWT

The concept of tawhid or belief about the oneness of Allah SWT is stated in Surah Al-Ikhlas, where Allah is the Name of God or God and is the only God for Muslims.

In Islamic teachings, visualizing or imagining the form of God cannot be justified and forbidden because it can lead to equating God with idols or statues. Or it is an insult because Allah SWT is not in fact similar to anything and anyone.

Islam describes Allah SWT in 99 names referred to as Asmaul Husna which describes the nature of His godliness.

Allah says :

هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ

“He is the One who sent His Messenger with guidance and the true religion to be won over all religions, even though the polytheists dislike it.” Qs. Ash Shaff: 9)

2. Quran

Quran, Holy book of islam
Quran, Holy book of islam

The Quran is a holy book of Muslims that Allah sent down to the Prophet Muhammad SAW through the medium of the Angel Gabriel. Literally, Quran means recitation.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an was delivered to the Prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel which was revealed gradually between 610 hngga the death of the Prophet Muhamad SAW in 632 AD.

Muslims also believe that the Quran that exists today is very precise and even the same as what was conveyed to the Prophet Muhammad SAW which is then conveyed again to his followers and followers will memorize and write the contents of the Quran.

The Qur’an has 114 surahs and 6236 verses. The Quraan is used as a guide for Muslims in their lives because there are many teachings and islamic sharia that must be practiced.

Also Read : 

Quran : The Holy Book in Islam

The History of the Quran’s Descent

3. Prophet Muhammad SAW

Prophet Muhammad SAW
Prophet Muhammad SAW

Muhammad SAW is the last prophet in Islam who admits his prophethood is one of the conditions to be referred to as a Muslim as stated in the two sentences of shahadah.

Apart from the position of the Prophet Muhammad, Muhammad in the view of Islam is also an ordinary human being, but every word and behavior of his life is believed to be an ideal form of a Muslim.

Allah said :

مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَا أَحَدٍ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمْ وَلَكِن رَّسُولَ اللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيماً

“Muhammad is not the father of any of you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the seal of the Prophets.” He said, “I have come to you with a sign from your Al Ahzab: 40)

4. Places of Worship for Muslims

Mosque in Islam
Mosque in Islam

The muslim place of worship is called Mosque. Worship performed in mosques is usually one of congregation, religious talk, celebration of the muslim’s big day, discussion of religion, or learning to read the Quran

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