Scientific Miracles of Siwak in the Sunnah Prophet

History of The Use of Siwak (Salvadora persica)

Stroy Of Siwak | The use of oral hygiene kits has been around for centuries. Previous humans used hygiene tools that varied along with social, technological and cultural developments.

A variety of simple tools are used to clean their mouths from food waste, ranging from toothpicks, logs, tree branches, cloths, bird feathers, animal bones to hedgehog spines.

Among the traditional tools they use in cleaning their mouths and teeth is Siwak wood or chewing stick.

This wood, although traditional, is the first step in the transition to a modern toothbrush and is the best oral cleaning tool to date.

In the Middle East, the main frequently used sources are the Arak tree (Salvadora persica), in West Africa it is used to be a lemonade tree (Citrus aurantifolia) and an orange tree (Citrus sinesis).

The root of the Senna plant (Cassiva vinea) is used by black Americans, the African Laburnum (Cassia sieberianba) is used in Sierre Leone and Neem (Azadirachta indica) is widely used in the Indian continent.

Although Siwak has previously been used in various cultures and cultures around the world, the influence of the spread of Islam and its application to clean teeth is most influential.

The term Siwak itself has been commonly used during the prophetic period of the Prophet Muhammad who began his mission around AD 543.

The Prophet Muhammad said: “If I had not burdened my ummah I would have commanded them to pray every time they would pray (in another narration: every wudoo’).”

The Prophet considered health and oral hygiene to be important, so he always encouraged his wife to always prepare a siwak for him until the end of his life.

Siwak continues to be used in almost all parts of the Middle East, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Africa and Malaysia, particularly in the hinterland.

Most of them use it because of religious, cultural and social factors.

Muslims in the Middle East and surrounding areas use Siwak at least 5 times a day in addition to using ordinary toothbrushes.

Research conducted by Erwin and Lewis (1989) stated that siwak users have low relativity infected with tooth decay and disease even though they consume foods rich in carbohydrates.

Morphology and Habitat of Shivak Plants

Siwak or Miswak, is part of the stems, roots or twigs of Salvadora persica plants that are mostly grown in the Middle East, Asia and Africa.

Siwak-shaped stems taken from the roots and twigs of arak plants (Salvadora persica) ranging in diameter from 0.1 cm to 5 cm.

Arak tree is a small shrub-like tree with a branched trunk, more than 1 foot in diameter. If the skin is peeled it is a bit whitish and has a lot of fiber strands.

The roots are brown and the inside is white. It smells like celery and tastes a bit spicy.

Siwak serves to erode and clean the inside of the mouth. The word siwak itself comes from the Arabic ‘yudlik’ which means massage.

Siwak is more than just a regular toothbrush, because in addition to having elastic stem fibers and does not damage the teeth even under harsh pressures, shivak also has a natural content of antimicrobial and antidecay system (antidepressant system).

The stem of the siwak, which is small in diameter, has a high flexibility ability to bend into the mouth area appropriately and can erode plaque on the teeth. Siwak is also safe and healthy for gum development.

Siwak as an antibacterial substance

El-Mostehy et al (1998) reported that siwak plants contain antibacterial substances. Darout et al. (2000) Reported that antimicrobial and cleaning effects on miswak have been demonstrated by variations in chemical content that can be detected in its extracts.

This effect is believed to be associated with high content of Sodium Chloride and Potassium Chloride such as salvadourea and salvadorine, saponins, tannins, vitamin C, silica and resins, as well as cyanogenic glycoside and benzylsothio-cyanate.

It is reported that natural anionic components are present in this plant species containing antimicrobial agents that fight some bacteria.

Nitrates (NO3-) are reported to affect the active transport of porline in Escherichia coli as well as in aldosa from E. coli and Streptococcus faecalis.

Nitrates also affect the active transport of phosphorylation oxidation and oxygen retrieval by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Stapyhylococcus aureus so that it is inhibited.

Also Read : 5 favorite Iftar foods of Prophet Muhammad

Siwak as “oral cleaner device”

Siwak is very effective as a mouth cleaning tool.

A study of Periodontal Treatment by taking samples of 480 adults aged 35-65 years in the cities of Makkah and Jeddah by researchers from King Abdul Aziz University Jeddah

The result is that Periodontal Treatment for the people of Makkah and Jeddah is lower than the treatment that should be given to people in other countries.

this indicates the low need of the people of Makkah and Jeddah for Periodontal Treatment.

Other research by making powder (powder) shivak as an additional ingredient in toothpaste compared to the use of toothpaste without a mixture of siwak powder.

the best result for perfect dental health is to use toothpaste with grains of siwak powder.

because the grains of the siwak powder is able to reach between the teeth perfectly and remove the remnants of food that is still nesting in between the teeth.

This is what drives the world’s toothpaste companies to incorporate razor powder into their toothpaste products.

WHO (World Health Organization) also makes shivak as one of the health commodities that need to be maintained and cultivated.

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