Pillars of Islam and Iman (Faith)

In the teachings of Islam there are 2 types of religious pillars that become the basis of religion. what is meant by this type of pillars is the pillars of Islam and the pillars of faith in Islam.

these two pillars are two important things when one accepts and practices Islam as a correct guide in his life

What is Pillars of faith in Islam ?

Faith in Islam is the basis or point of belief that every Muslim should believe. If one does not have faith, then one is considered invalid to follow Islam. Based on hadith narrated by Umar ibn Khattab RA, when the angel Gabriel imitated to be a man, he asked the Prophet Muhammad SAW:

The man said, “Tell me about faith”. then the Prophet (PBUH) replied ‘:
You believe in God, in His Angels, In His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in good and bad. Muslims).

Hadith above explains that in the teachings of Islam there are 6 pillars of faith that must be believed by a Muslim, namely :

First, Faith in the existence of the One True God.

Second, Faith in the angel of Allah SWT.

Third, Faith in the existence of the books of Allah SWT.

Fourth, Faith in the apostles of Allah SWT.

Fifth, Faith in the Resurrection.

Sixth, Faith in qada and qadar, the existence of good and bad destiny created by Allah SWT.

Aspects of the pillars of faith in Islam are described in the following description:

  • Pillars of Faith in Allah SWT

Is done by believing that God really exists, even though one never sees His form or hears His voice. To believe in Him, a Muslim must know His attributes, be it obligatory qualities, jaiz, or mumkin, or it can also be done by knowing 99 Asmaul Husna contained in the Quran or hadith.

  • Pillars of Faith in angels

By believing that they really exist. A Muslim must believe in an angel despite never seeing his form, hearing his voice, or touching his substance. The command to believe in this angel is stated in the Qur’an surah Al-Baqarah verse 285:

  • Pillars of Faith in the Books of God

By believing that God has sent down the Book to His messenger. This book is a guidance and a guidance and a guidance for happiness, both in this world and in the Hereafter. The existence of the books of Allah SWT is listed in the Qur’an surah Al-Hadid verse 25.

By believing in the book of Allah, a Muslim absolutely confirms that the books are the word of Allah SWT. It is the truth that must be followed and carried out.

In the book entitled ‘Rukun Iman’ published by the Islamic University of Medina, it is mentioned that believing in the Book of Allah can be done in two ways, namely faith in general and in detail.

First, faith in general means believing that Allah SWT sent down the books to His messenger. In total, no one knows except Allah SWT himself.

Second, faith in detail means believing in the books mentioned by Allah SWT specifically in the Qur’an, such as the Torah, The Gospel, Zabur, the Quran, and Suhuf Ibrahim and Moses.

  • Pillars of Faith in the Apostle

Is done by believing that God has sent down His messenger to a certain community to convey His teachings. And whosoever follows the Messengers, he shall have guidance and guidance.

But if they turn away, then surely Allah is All-Believing. The existence of the messenger of Allah SWT is stated in the Qur’an surah Al-Hajj verse 75

  • Pillars of Faith in the Day of Resurrection

By believing that one day the life of the universe will be destroyed. After that, people will be raised from the grave, gathered in the field of mahsyar, and decided to heaven or hell. As said in surah Al-Infithar verses 14 and 15,

  • Pillars of Faith in Qada and Qadar

Is done by believing that Allah SWT has determined human destiny, both bad and good.

First, Qada is a destiny or decree written in lauh al-mahfuz since the time of azali. This destiny and decree has been arranged by Allah SWT even before He created the universe based on His word in surah Al-Hadid verse 22.

Qada is a decree of Allah SWT against everything before it happens. It is also depicted in the words of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.

Second, Qadar is the realization of qada itself. That is, is the decree or decision of Allah SWT who has the nature of Almighty (qudrah and qadirun) for all His creations, both in the form of good destiny, and bad destiny.

If qada is a decree that has not happened, then qadar is the realization of a predetermined decree.

pillars of islam
pillars of islam

What is the pillar of Islam?

Islam has five pillars or pillars of religion which are basic obligations and must be fulfilled by every Muslim.

Whoever does not fulfill it, let alone deny this obligation, is questionable the quality of Islam.

The 5 pillars of Islam are :
(1) Saying two sentences of creed
(2) Praying
(3) Fasting during Ramadan
(4) Give zakat
(5) Hajj for the able

The evidence concerning the obligation of the pillars of Islam is based on hadith narrated by Umar ibn Khattab RA,

When the angel Gabriel who imitated to be a man said to the Prophet Muhammad SAW:
“O Muhammad, tell me about Islam.”

Then the Prophet (PBUH) replied:
“Islam you testify that there is no deity to be worshipped other than Allah and indeed Muhammad is a messenger of Allah, you establish prayer, give zakat, fast during Ramadan and perform hajj to the House [Ka’bah] if you are able to do so”

Because the pillars of Islam are the main teachings of Islam, then that leaves it classified as sinful. On the contrary, those who obey and fulfill all the pillars of Islam are promised a great reward and obtain happiness in this world and the Hereafter.

To understand the concept of Islamic harmony in more detail, then we can pay attention to the following explanation

  • Read the Two Sentences of Syahadat

In Arabic, shahadat means testimony. That is, saying the phrase shahadat is to testify that Allah SWT is the One True God and the Prophet Muhammad SAW is His apostle. The first requirement of Islam is to recite this creed with full awareness as follows:

أشهد أن لااله الاالله واشهد ان محمدا رسول الله

It means: “I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that the Prophet Muhammad is a messenger of Allah.”

although the original text of the two creeds is in Arabic, but for people who cannot pronounce it simply by reciting the testimony in their own language.

  • Establishing Salat (praying)

the second is the obligation to pray five times a day a night. In terms of terms, prayer means acts of worship that begin with takbiratul ihram and end with greetings. In prayer, there are certain movements and sayings. The movements consist of standing upright, bowing, prostrating, sitting, and so on.

While his speeches consist of recitations of the Quran, takbir, tasbih, tasmi’, and prayer. This prayer obligation is illustrated in the word of Allah SWT in surah Al-Baqarah verse 43

In a day, there are five prayers that a Muslim must do. namely: Fajr prayer, Zuhr prayer, Asar prayer, Magrib prayer, and Isha prayer. For Muslim men, on Fridays, Zuhr prayers are replaced with Friday prayers.

  • Fasting during Ramadan

The third pillar of Islam is to fast a whole month during Ramadan. Fasting means restraining lust, and hunger and thirst, from dawn until sunset. The obligation to fast is illustrated in the word of Allah SWT in surah Al-Baqarah verse 183

  • Paying Zakat

The fourth pillar of Islam is to paying zakat. In terms of terms, paying zakat is to spend some of the property to be purified. There are two zakat that must be done for the able, namely zakat fitrah and zakat of property.

First, zakat fitrah is a zakat that is issued in Ramadan until the eve of Idul Fitr prayer. The obligation to give zakat fitrah is illustrated in the hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas:

He said: “The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has obliged zakat fitrah in Ramadan for every Muslim, whether free or slave, male or female, small or large, as much as one sha’ dates or wheat,” (H.R. Muslim).

Second, zakat is issued on the property of a Muslim if it reaches certain limits (fulfilled haul and nisab). The treasures that should be paid are cattle, crops, produce, gold, and so on.

  • Hajj to the House (Kaaba)

The last pillar of Islam is hajj to the Temple or Kaaba located in Makkah. This hajj practice is very noble reward in the sight of Allah SWT. This is illustrated in the words of the Prophet Muhammad SAW: “There is no proper reward for hajj mabrur other than paradise,” (Bukhari).

Because the distance to Makkah is quite far for most Muslims, then only the able and have the space of wealth that must fulfill it. But if he does not perform Hajj, then he is guilty of abandoning one of the pillars of Islam.

ٍThe difference between the pillars of faith and the pillars of Islam

The Pillars of Islam and the Pillars of Faith are important pillars of Islam. Pillar in terms refers to the obligatory element that exists when a person performs something. Thus, when a Muslim does not perform the pillars of Islam and Iman, then his Islam is not perfect, or even invalid.

Therefore, Muslims have been introduced to the concept of the pillars of Islam and the pillars of Iman from a young age. The pillars of Islam are the five main foundations of Islam.

Meanwhile, if examined in language, faith has the meaning of confession spoken orally, justified in the heart, and practiced.