Prostration of Tilawah (sajadah) in islam

Tilawah (sajadah) is a prostration performed by a Muslim at the time of reading or hearing the recitation of sajadah verses, both in prayer and outside prayer. It is based on hadith.

Narrated from Abu Hurairah ra, he said, The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “When a man reads the verse of sajadah and then he bows down, then removes satan by weeping saying: What a woe, man is commanded to bow down and then he bows down, then for him heaven. Whereas I am ruled to bow down but I disobey, then for me hell.” (HR Ahmad, Muslim, and Ibn Majah)

The law of prostration of Tilawah

The law of prostration is circumcision, based on a hadith narrated from Umar ra. He said, “O all men, we are not commanded to prostrate, whoever prostrates he has a reward, and whoever does not prostrate himself is sinless.” (HR al-Bukhari)

how to bow down ;

1. In prayer

If prostration is in prayer, it depends on the imam at the time of reading the verse of the sajadah. If the priest prostrates the makmum also bows down, if the priest does not bow down makmum does not bow down. It is based on a hadith narrated from Zaid bin Aslam ra.

“Surely a child reads the verse of sajadah beside the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, he waits for the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prostrate, but he did not bow down, the child said: “O Messenger of Allah, is it not at (the time of reading) this verse of sajadah that there is a prostration?” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “It is true, but you become our priest to him, and if you bow down we bow down.” (HR. Ibn Abi Syaibah)

Some Scientific Facts About Prayer

It is best to read the takbir before performing prostration. It is based on a hadith narrated from Ibn Umar ra. He said, “Once the Prophet SAW recited the Quran upon us. So when it came to the verse of sajadah he bowed down and bowed down, and we bowed down with him.” (HR. Abu Dawud)

2. Outside of prayer

If prostration is done outside of prayer, there is no need to take the form first and exchange clothes for clean ones. It is based on the following hadith:

“That Ibn Umar performed the prostration of tilawah (outside prayer) was intangible first.” (HR al-Bukhari)

Prostration Prayer Tilawah

At the time of prostration we read the following prayer:

سَجَدَ وَجْهِي لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ وَصَوَّرَهُ، وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ، بِحَوْلِهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ فَتَبَارَكَ اللهُ أَحْسَنُ الخَالِقِيْنَ

Sajada wajhiya lil ladzī khalaqahū wa shawwarahū wa syaqqa sam’ahū wa basharahū bi haulihī wa quwwatihī fa tabārakallāhu ahsanul khāliqīna.

“Myself prostrates to the Substance who created and shaped it, opening up his hearing and sight with His power and strength. The most holy god, as good as the creator.” (Zainuddin Al-Malibari, Fathul Mu’in on hamisy I’anatut Thalibin, [Beirut, Darul Fikr: 2005 AD/1425-1426 H], juz I, page 246).

It is based on the hadith:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ فِي سُجُوْدِ الْقُرْآنِ بِاللَّيْلِ سَجَدَ وَجْهِيْ لِلَّذِيْ خَلَقَهُ وَصَوَّرَهُ وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ وَبِحَوْلِهِ وَقُوَّتِهِ. [رواه أبو داود]

Narrated from Aisyah ra, he says, “It is the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم reading at prostration at night (which means): My face bows down to the Dzat who made and shaped it, and who gave hearing and vision with his strength and power.” (HR. Abu Dawud)

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