Salary of Leaders During the Islamic Caliphate

Being a leader means being prepared to sacrifice yourself to serve the community. This position is a mandate that must be carried out properly because it will be held accountable.

A mistaken understanding if one wants a position with the aim of earning, popularity and power.

Unfortunately, in this era it dominates. Even some of them make their positions as loopholes to practice corruption and increase the coffers of wealth.

Some of the following stories of the Prophet’s companions, can be an overview of how the lives of Islamic leaders long ago. There are those who live poor and difficulty in meeting the needs of their lives.

But these leaders never complained about the condition. They are afraid of wealth because they can keep away from Allah SWT. What is the salary of the leader in the era of the Prophet’s friend?

This Is 4  Caliphate in Islamic Historys :

Salary of Leaders During the Islamic Caliphate
Salary of Leaders During the Islamic Caliphate

1. Abu Bakr ra, The First Caliphate

Abu Bakr r.a was the leader of Islam after the death of the Prophet (s) after being elected caliph, Abu Bakr was still seen trading to meet his daily needs.

This disturbed Umar Ibn Khatab who considered Abu Bakr could no longer do trade activities and should think about the country. Eventually Umar made Baitul Mal as cash and donations to pay the leader at that time.

After consulting and calculating the household expenses of the caliph Abu Bakr, the companions finally set an annual allowance for Abu Bakr of 2,500 dirhams. This amount was later increased to 500 dirhams a month.

One day the companions came to Umar’s daughter, Hafsah r.a., and she went to see him. They intended to raise Umar’s salary which was judged not enough for him to lead his country at that time. But when Hafsah r.a submitted a friend’s proposal to raise his salary, Umar was angry.

According to Umar, the previous leaders, the Prophet and Abu Bakr were also not excessive when receiving rights from Baitul Mall. So he is not worthy to receive more rights that only make him neglect the affairs of the Hereafter. This meant that the allowance for Umar was not much different from that received by Abu Bakr.

2. Umar Ibn Khatab, Second Caliphate

During the reign of Umar Bin Khatab Islam developed so rapidly. This religion of God stretched from Mesopotamia, as Persian territory, and successfully took over Egypt, Palestine, Syria, North Africa and Armenia from the Roman empire (Byzantium).

Despite being a leader with wide power, Umar lived within his limitations. He even often made loans to Baitul Maal, because his salary was not enough to meet the needs of daily life.

One day the companions came to Umar’s daughter, Hafsah r.a., and she went to see him. They intended to raise Umar’s salary which was judged not enough for him to lead his country at that time. But when Hafsah r.a submitted a friend’s proposal to raise his salary, Umar was angry.

According to Umar, the previous leaders, the Prophet and Abu Bakr were also not excessive when receiving rights from Baitul Mall. So he is not worthy to receive more rights that only make him neglect the affairs of the Hereafter. This meant that the allowance for Umar was not much different from that received by Abu Bakr.

3. Usman bin Affan

Uthman ibn Affan did not take any salary from the state, because his business has developed everywhere. Even Uthman if eating only with bread is while entertaining guests are given to guests the best foods.

Until now, Usman’s wealth still flows even he has his own savings in his name. From the wealth of Usman was then built a hotel with the name Usman Bin Affan that can earn 50 million Riyals every year.

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4. Ali ibn Abi Talib, The Last Caliphate

During the reign of Ali ibn Abi Talib, baitul Mal’s condition was restored as it was before the time of Uthman ibn Affan. Ali, as mentioned by lbnu Kasir, also received compensation from Baitul Mal. He gets a ration of clothing that can only cover the body to half his legs. In fact, often his clothes are filled with fillings.

When the war broke out between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (the first caliph of the Umayyads), the people around Ali advised him to take funds from Baitul Mal as a reward for those who helped him.

The goal was to defend Ali and the Muslims. He said, “Did you command me to seek victory? By Allah, I will not do so as long as the sun rises and as long as there are stars in the sky.”

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