Social media is a means by which users can easily participate, share, and create content including blogs, social networks, wikis, forums and virtual worlds.
Social media invites anyone interested in participating by publicly contributing and feedback, commenting and sharing information in a fast and unlimited time.
there are several ethics (adab) in social media according to Islamic views:
- 1 Tabayyun (check and ricek)
- 2 Convey information correctly in Social Media
- 3 Haram spread slander, hatred, and others in Social Media
- 4 Social media is used to warn ma’ruf nahi munkar that guarantees and regulates freedom of expression.
- 5 Not used to make fun of others
- 6 Prohibition of spreading hatred and fake news in Social Media
Tabayyun (check and ricek)
In (QS. Al-Hujurat :6) mentions how ethics and ordinances deal with a news that we receive, as follows:
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ إِن جَآءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌۢ بِنَبَإٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوٓا۟ أَن تُصِيبُوا۟ قَوْمًۢا بِجَهَٰلَةٍ فَتُصْبِحُوا۟ عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَٰدِمِينَ
And if a wicked person comes to you with a news story, then examine it carefully so that you do not inflict harm on a people without knowing what is wrong.”
there are two things that can be considered related to the verse. First, tabayyun against the news bearer whether the fasiq (person whose activity is tinged with violation of religion).
Second, it concerns the content of the news that there needs to be an investigation of the truth of a news story.
Islam does not condone the existence of news sharing without conducting an in-depth investigation of validity.
Convey information correctly in Social Media
Islam teaches honest opinions and is based on evidence and facts and is expressed sincerely. Do not spread information that is not yet known the truth on social media. The term is called qaul zur which means bad word or false testimony.
The Word of Allah SWT:
ذٰلِكَ وَمَنْ يُّعَظِّمْ حُرُمٰتِ اللّٰهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهٗ عِنْدَ رَبِّهٖۗ وَاُحِلَّتْ لَكُمُ الْاَنْعَامُ اِلَّا مَا يُتْلٰى عَلَيْكُمْ فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الْاَوْثَانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوْا قَوْلَ الزُّوْرِ ۙ
Haram spread slander, hatred, and others in Social Media
- Doing ghibah; slander, namimah; and spread hostility. Bullying, hate speech, and hostility based on ethnicity, race. or between groups.
- Spreading hoaxes and false information even with good intentions, such as info about the death of a living person
- Disseminating pornographic material, sin, and anything that is shari’a prohibited
Social media is used to warn ma’ruf nahi munkar that guarantees and regulates freedom of expression.
Freedom of speech is the right of every human being. However, opinions are often misused to create slander, false opinions, and spread hatred that is often expressed through social media.
Allah SWT asks that every human being defend what is right, as presented in the following surah:
وَلْتَكُنْ مِّنْكُمْ اُمَّةٌ يَّدْعُوْنَ اِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُوْنَ بِالْمَعْرُوْفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ ۗ وَاُولٰۤىِٕكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَ
And let there be among you a community that calls to good, enjoins good and forbids evil. they are the successful.” Qs. Ali Imran:104)
Not used to make fun of others
Social media is not used to make fun of others, as conveyed in the word of Allah SWT:
يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِّنْ قَوْمٍ عَسٰٓى اَنْ يَّكُوْنُوْا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَاۤءٌ مِّنْ نِّسَاۤءٍ عَسٰٓى اَنْ يَّكُنَّ خَيْرًا مِّنْهُنَّۚ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوْٓا اَنْفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوْا بِالْاَلْقَابِۗ بِئْسَ الِاسْمُ الْفُسُوْقُ بَعْدَ الْاِيْمَانِۚ وَمَنْ لَّمْ يَتُبْ فَاُولٰۤىِٕكَ هُمُ الظّٰلِمُوْنَ
Prohibition of spreading hatred and fake news in Social Media
In (QS. An-Nur :4) Allah SWT forbids to spread hatred and make fake news:
وَالَّذِيْنَ يَرْمُوْنَ الْمُحْصَنٰتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَأْتُوْا بِاَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاۤءَ فَاجْلِدُوْهُمْ ثَمٰنِيْنَ جَلْدَةً وَّلَا تَقْبَلُوْا لَهُمْ شَهَادَةً اَبَدًاۚ وَاُولٰۤىِٕكَ هُمُ الْفٰسِقُوْنَ ۙ