The Canon of Medicine, Best Medical Book from Muslim Scientists

Al-Qanun Fi al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine)

The Canon of Medicine was written by Ibn Sina. In Islamic civilization, the scientist also known as Avicenna is famous for his works in the field of philosophy and medicine. One of his most famous books is, Al-Qanun Fi al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine).

Ibn Sina’s book was translated into Latin at the end of the 12th century. Inevitably, the fruit of Ibn Sina’s mind contained in the book became a source of reference for medical research in European universities until the end of the 17th century.

In his book, Ibn Sina explained about the negative impact or loss when a person has excess weight or commonly called obesity. He also outlined ways to avoid and reduce the risk of obesity, including regular exercise and reducing the intake of fatty foods.

Ibn Sina

Ibn Sina (980-1037) also known as Avicenna in the Western World was a Persian-born philosopher, scientist, and physician (now Iran). He was also a prolific writer where most of his work was about philosophy and medicine.

For many, he is the “Father of Modern Medicine” and there are many more designations for him that are mostly concerned with his works in the field of medicine. His most famous work is Qanun fi Thib which was a reference in the field of medicine for centuries.

Ibn Sina was born in 980 in the Afsyahnah area near Bukhara, now Uzbekistan (later Persia), and died in June 1037 in Hamadan, Persia (Iran).

He is the author of 450 books on several major subjects. Many of them focus on philosophy and disinterment. He is considered by many to be the “father of modern medicine.”

George Sarton called Ibn Sina “the most famous scientist of Islam and one of the most famous in all fields, places, and times”. His most famous works are The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine, also known as Qanun (full title: Al-Qanun fi At Tibb).

The Canon of Medicine, Best Medical Book from Muslim Scientists
The Canon of Medicine, Best Medical Book from Muslim Scientists

Ibn Sina was an active philosopher, scientist, physician and author born in the golden age of Islamic Civilization. At that time Muslim scientists translated many scientific texts from Greece, Persia and India.

Ibn Sina : Father of Modern Medicine Is a Muslim

Greek texts from Plato’s time, afterwards to aristotle’s time, were intensively translated and developed more advanced by Islamic scientists. This development was mainly carried out by the college founded by Al-Kindi. The development of science at this time included mathematics, astronomy, algebra, trigonometry, and medicine.

During the Samayid Dynasty in eastern Persian, the French and Buyid dynasties in western Iran and Persian provided a supportive atmosphere for the development of science and culture. During the Samaniyah Dynasty, Bukhara and Baghdad became the cultural and scientific center of the Islamic world.

Other sciences such as the study of the Qur’an and hadith develop with development with the atmosphere of scientific development.

Other sciences such as philosophy, jurisprudence, kalam science are very rapidly developing. At that time Al-Razi and Al-Farabi contributed science in the field of medicine and philosophy. At that time Ibn Sina had access to study in large libraries in the Balkh, Khwarezm, Gorgan, ray city, Isfahan and Hamedan.

In addition to large library facilities that have a large collection of books, at that time there were also some Muslim scientists such as Abu Raihan Al-Biruni a famous astronomer, Aruzi Samarqandi, Abu Nashr Mansur a famous and very meticulous mathematician, Abu al-Khayr Khammar a physicist and other famous scientists.

Leave a Comment