Islam is the religion that believes in God, that is, Allah. With more than one-quarter of a billion followers worldwide, Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity.
Islam means “surrender”, or complete surrender to God (Allāh). Followers of Islam are known as Muslims which means “one who submits to God” or more fully is Muslim for men and Muslimat for women.
Islam teaches that Allah sent his word down to mankind through his messengers and apostles, and firmly believed that Muhammad was the last prophet and apostle sent into the world by Allah.
Thus, Islam means acceptance of and surrender to God, and its adherents must demonstrate this by worshipping Him, obeying His commandments, and avoiding polytheism.
This word gives some meaning to the Qur’an. In some verses, the quality of Islam as a belief is affirmed: “Whoever Allah wills will give him guidance, He will stretch his chest to (embrace the religion) of Islam…”
Another verse connects Islām and dīn (commonly translated as “religion”): “… On this day I have perfected for you your religion, and I have made enough of you My favors, and I have made Islam a religion for you.”
But there are still others who describe Islam as an act of returning to God—more than just a revelation of the confirmation of faith.
Trust in Islam
The basic belief of Islam can be found in the two times of shahādatāin (“two sentences of witness”), namely “asyhadu an-laa ilaaha illallaah, wa asyhadu anna muhammadan rasuulullaah” – which means “I testify that there is no God but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is allah’s messenger”.
Its essence is the principle of oneness of God and the recognition of Muhammad’s prophethood. As for if a person believes and then utters these two sentences of witness, he can be considered to have become a Muslim in the status of a convert (a person who has just converted to Islam).
Muslims believe that Allah sent Muhammad as the last Prophet after the sending of Jesus 6 centuries earlier.
Islam believes that the Qur’an and Sunnah (every word and deed of Muhammad) are fundamental sources of law and rule of life.
They do not regard Muhammad as the founder of a new religion, but rather as the successor and reformer of the monotheistic beliefs revealed to Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and the prophet by the same God.
Islam asserts that Judaism and Christianity after the departure of its prophets have distorted the revelations God gave to these prophets by changing the text in scripture, introducing false interpretations, or both.
Muslims also believe in the Qur’an which Allah has given to Muhammad. Through the intercession the angel Gabriel is perfect and there is no doubt in it (Al-Baqarah 2:2). In the Qur’an Allah has also promised to maintain the authenticity of the Qur’an until the end of time.
As stated in the Qur’an, Muslims are also obliged to believe and believe in the truth of the holy book and His word which was revealed before the Qur’an (Zabur, Torah, Gospel and temperature of the other prophets) through the previous prophets and apostles before Muhammad.
Muslims also believe that in addition to the Qur’an, all the previous words of Allah have been changed by man. Referring to the above sentence, Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the only book of Allah that is truly original and as a refinement of the previous books.
Muslims believe that the religion held by all the prophets and messengers of Allah since the time of Adam is the same religion as (tawhid|the same God), thus of course Ibrahim also professed the hanif (pure) obedience that made him a Muslim.
This view places Islam together with The Islamic and Christian religions in a religious group that believes in the Prophet Ibrahim as.
In the Qur’an, Jews and Christians are often treated as People of the Book or those who are given the Scriptures.