Arabic is the most glorious language on earth, because the Qur’an is derived from Arabic, and one will never be able to understand the message and wisdom contained therein unless one understands the language.
In addition, Arabic also has beautiful grammar as well as elegant rhetoric in its use. He has a very significant role in the development of Islam since ancient times.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) exhorted us to love the Arabic language as it is said in his words:
أحبوا العرب لثلاث: لأني عربي والقرآن عربي وكلام أهل الجنة عربي (رواه الطبراني والبيهقي)
“Love Arabic for three things: for verily I am an Arab, and the Qur’an is revealed in Arabic, and the language of the inhabitants of paradise is Arabic.” (HR. Thabrani and Baihaqi)
Not only the Arabic language that the prophet recommends to us, but also advocates to love those who are from the Arabs, because that is where the prophet came from.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
مَنْ أَحَبَّ اْلعَرَبَ فَبِحُبِّيْ أَحِبَّهُمْ وَمَنْ أَبْغَضَ اْلعَرَبَ فَبِبُغْضِيْ أَبْغَضَهُم (رواه الحاكم وابن عساكر)
“Whoever loves the Arabs, because of my love, he loves them, and whoever hates the Arabs, because he hates me, he hates them.” (HR. Imam Hakim and Imam Ibn Asakir).
Allah swt says:
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَّعَلَّكُمْ
We have handed down the Qur’an to you in Arabic for all of you to think.” (QS: Joseph:2)
Sayyidina Umar bin Khattab r.a once said:
تعلموا العربية فإنها من دينكم، وتعلموا الفرائض فإنها من دينكم
“Learn by you Arabic because it is part of your Religion, and learn by you inheritance because it is part of your religion.”
Arabic is one of the Middle Semitic languages, which belongs to the Semitic language family and is related to Hebrew and Neo-Arami languages.
Arabic has more speakers than any other language in the Semitic language family. It is spoken by more than 280 million people as a first language, most of which lives in the Middle East and North Africa.
It is the official language of 25 countries, and is the language of worship in Islam because it is the language spoken by the Qur’an.
Based on its geographical spread, conversational Arabic has many variations (dialects), some of which cannot even understand each other.
Modern Arabic has been classified as a macro-language with 27 sub-languages in ISO 639-3. Baku Arabic (sometimes called Arabic Literature) is widely taught in schools and universities, as well as used in the workplace, government, and mass media.
Baku Arabic is derived from Classical Arabic, the only member of the Ancient North Arabic language family currently still in use, as seen in pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions dating from the 4th century.
Classical Arabic has also been the language of Islamic literature and worship since approximately the 6th century. The Arabic alphabet is written from right to left.
Arabic has given much vocabulary to other languages of the Islamic world, just like the role of Latin to most European languages.
During the Middle Ages Arabic was also a major tool of culture, particularly in science, mathematics, and philosophy, leading many European languages to borrow heavily from Arabic.
Influence of Arabic in other languages
As in other European languages, many English words are absorbed from Arabic, generally through other European languages, mainly from Spanish and Italian, including everyday vocabulary such as “sugar” (sukkar), “cotton” (quṭn) or “magazine” (makhzen). Other very famous words include “algebra”, “alcohol” and “zenith”.
Arab influence is most profound in countries controlled by Islam. Arabic is the main source of vocabulary for languages as wide as Berber, Kurdish, Persian, Swahili, Urdu, Hindi, Turkish, Malay, and Indonesian, both as well as other languages in the country where this language is spoken.
For example, the Arabic word for the book /kita:b/ is used in all of the above languages, except in Malay and Indonesian (specifically for “religious book”).
The term borrows from religious terminology (such as Berber taẓallit “praying” <sholat), academic terms (such as Uighur mentiq “logic”), the word hyphen (such as Urdu lekin “but”.). Most Berber variants (such as Kabyle), along with Swahili, borrow some numbers from Arabic.
Most religious terms used by Muslims around the world are direct loans from the Arabic language, such as صلاة salat for worship and imam to prayer leader.
In languages not directly related to the Arab World, much of arabic vocabulary is absorbed through other languages related to Arabic.
For example, many of the words in Urdu and Turkish absorbed from Persian are derived from Arabic, and much of the vocabulary in Hausa is absorbed from Arabic through Kanuri.