There are many prophets and messengers in fact, but no one knows them except Allah SWT. About the number of prophets and messengers as stated by Allah SWT:
وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلاً مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَصَصْنَا عَلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ لَمْ نَقْصُصْ عَلَيْكَ
“We have sent messengers before you, of whom We have related to you, and others we have not told you about, and others we have not related to you.” He said, “I have come to you with a sign from your Al-Mu’min: 78).
In the Qur’an, there are 25 prophets who are told and must be trusted. They were Adam, Idris, Noah, Hud, Shaleh, Ibrahim, Lot, Ishmael, Ishaq, Ya’qub, Yusuf, Ayyub, Shu’aib, Musa, Harun, Dzulkifli, Dawud, Sulaiman, Ilyas, Ilyasa’, Yunus, Zachariah, Yahya, Jesus, Muhammad. Then out of the 25, there were 5 Apostles who had special advantages. They are named Ulul Azmi.
Meaning of Prophet Ulul Azmi
These are the Prophets and the Messengers who have great fortitude in the face of trials and trials.
When they are insulted, humiliated, even threatened with murder, they are patient with it. They are Noah, Ibrahim, Moses, Jesus, and Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Differences between Prophet and Apostle
According to Al-Alusi, in his interpretation Ruh al-Ma’ani as quoted by Dompet Dhuafa website, the meaning of the word prophet, apostle and ulul azmi is a person who receives revelation from God for himself and the apostle is obliged to deliver the revelation.
According to Az-Zamakhsyari in his commentary al-Kasyaf, the prophet was a messenger of Allah to call to man to follow the previous sharia and the Apostle has his own book and sharia.
From this understanding, the apostle has more responsibility than the prophet.
Nature of the Prophet / Apostle
Given the duty of the Apostles as messengers of God to instruct all people and to improve society, then the Apostles must have the following mandatory qualities, as well as the impossible nature:
1. True / Honest or shiddiq and can not like to lie or kizbun.
2. Trustworthy or trustworthy and impossible to betray.
3. Convey orders and prohibitions or tablighs and it is impossible to hide the teachings or kidman.
4. Intelligent or fathonah and impossible forgetful or ghaflatun.
Miracle Apostle Ulul Azmi Here
These are miracles and exemplary stories of the Ulul Azmi Apostles:
1. Noah as.
Noah was sent to the children of Rasib. They are among those who are hard to believe in. They worship idols or idols, including his son Kan’an and his wife Wali’ah also rebelled.
And Allah seized them for forty years, and they were not guided. So they destroyed their cattle and their crops, and they were not of those who were destroyed. Until Noah was sent to build a ship,
When making the ship, Noah was still reviled even considered crazy because there could not be a great flood. Noah said, “O my people, worship God; The prayer was answered and all his people were swept away by the flood, including his wife’s children.
2. Abraham as.
There are several cases of Prophet Ibrahim in undergoing amar ma’ruf nahi munkar.
First, when he invited his people to leave idols and asked to worship Allah SWT, abraham as sought to have discussion and dialogue with his people who worship idols, but his people remained true to their beliefs, including the father who would not follow him.
Until one day Abraham destroyed them and left only the greatest idols intact. Hopefully, for his people to ask who destroyed the idols.
He said, “It is the great idols who do it, so ask them if they can speak.”
Second, patience when he got the command to slaughter his beloved son Prophet Ishmael. He was so obedient and eventually replaced with sheep from heaven.
Third, the conscientiousness when burned by King Namrud. Abraham was able to endure in the midst of the fire, and the fire was cold.
3. Moses as.
Moses was born when he was driven by a violent Pharaoh. Pharaoh then dreamed that there would be a son against him.
Moses’ mother Yukabad did not want her baby killed, so she washed it away in the Nile. Pharaoh’s wife found him looking for a woman to suckle him. God saved Moses by returning to yukabad.
Moses then grew intelligent and diligent in preaching. He was always confronted by the witches of the palace and there was always mu’jizat with him.
Moses fled into the red sea and parted the sea by Permission of Allah. this phenomenon is one of the miracles of the prophet Moses
4. Prophet Jesus As.
The stories of Jesus’ shade began when he was born to a holy man named Maryam. And she who was patient and sincere, made it easy for Him.
Prophet Jesus was blessed with many miracles, among which he could speak as a baby, and can heal the blind and skin disease He was appointed prophet at the age of 30 years to the Children of Israel.
But the ordeal kept coming. At that time there was one of his followers who betrayed, his name was Yahuza. As The Prophet Jesus hid from the enemy’s attack, Yahuza reported the place and turned to attack the Prophet Jesus.
Finally, when Jesus was about to be captured and crucified by the enemy forces, Yahuza’s face changed similar to that of Jesus and was killed in the army.
5. Prophet Muhammad SAW
The story of the prophet Muhammad is very much. Because his behavior is a great behavior, such as verse wa innaka la’ala khuluqin adhim.
One of his stories of patience is with muhammad’s hated grandmother. Once upon a time a grandmother who was full of fatigue and weak because of carrying a heavy burden, assisted by the Prophet Muhammad.
The grandmother was happy to welcome him. However, along the way the grandmother always warned the young man who helped her, in order to stay away from a figure named Muhammad.
The Prophet Muhammad continued to listen to Grandma’s ravings and was not angry. Until finally at the end of the road, The Grandmother asked the name of the young man who helped her. He said, “Muhammad.” Eventually the grandmother converted to Islam.