The Origin of Calligraphy, Was it really born of the Arabs?

Calligraphy is known as one of the islamic heritage in the cultural arts sector. Or in Arabic it is called Khat which means beautiful writing. For its origins, there are still differences of opinion among historians.

Some historians, for example, have argued that calligraph was first found in the reliefs of tombs of ancient kings found in Abidos. In addition, there is also calligraphy found in the plant papyrus of the Nile river region, as reported by the Qur’an and Arabic Calligraphy The Role of Scripture in Cultural Transformation by Ilham Khairi R.

Meanwhile, mentioned in the calligraph art book by D Sirajuddin, calligraphy is said to have existed since the reign of Caliph Uthman bin Affan. At that time, the art of calligraphy began to be born when Caliph Uthman developed the idea to collect the mushaf of the Quran.

He continued the idea of Caliph Abu Bakr Ash Shiddiq who once ordered the companions and memorizers of the Qur’an to write Quranic verses in stone, foliage, to date palms.

The Importance To Learning Arabic Languages

Caliph Uthman also developed a way of writing the Holy Quran so that Muslims are interested in reading and studying it. Until the birth of the beautiful writing art of the Quran is called calligraph. Therefore, the art of calligraphy is closely related to the Qur’an.

“Basically, this art contains Quranic verses, hadiths, verses, and words beautifully carved into the walls of mosques, palace walls, and magnificent buildings,” the book reads.

Arabic calligraphy is developing in various cultures of the world, such as in the West (Europe, America) and East (Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Indonesian, and other Countries in Asia).

The advancement of Islamic calligraphy can be proven by the many European artists who used Arabic writing in their paintings. One of them was Giotto, who became the first Western artist to use Arabic writing in his work.

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