Pioneer of Islamic University is a Muslimah

Fatimah Al-Fihri, The Pioneer of University in the Islamic World

Along with the development of sophisticated and modern times, the younger generation should not forget the important history of civilization builders, especially in the field of education, fatimah al-fihri.

This great muslim woman who is passionate about becoming a goodwill ambassador from Kairouan Tunisia must learn and exemplify her life journey so that she must become the main idol of today’s young generation.

So when the younger generation is asked about idols to be exemplified, Fatimah Al-Fihri deserves to be the answer.

Who is Fatimah?

Fatimah binti Muhammad Al-Fihri Al-Qurayshi is an Islamic woman who founded the first University in Morocco and became the second oldest University in the world after the University of Az Zaitunah Tunisia (737 AD).

The educational institution founded by Fatimah Al-Fihri is the University of Al-Qarawiyyin (859 AD) located in the Moroccan city of Fes.

qarawiyin mosque
qarawiyin mosque

Fatimah Al-Fihri is a Tunisian woman from Kairouan who emigrated to the Moroccan city of Fes. He and his family included immigrants from Tunisia who at the time were in the midst of an uprising.

So about 2000 families from Kairouan city, one of them is al-Fihri family, out of the holy city of Kairouan Tunisia to emigrate.

The story of Fatimah Al-Fihri will be remembered all the time. The true story of generosity, sincerity, the spirit of spreading benefits and commitment to carry out religious teachings will always be remembered, just like his belief about alms jariyah whose reward will continue to flow even though life is no longer conceived body.

Fatimah Al-Fihri decided to give up most of her inheritance which she received from her late father, Muhammad Al-Fihri to establish al-Qarawiyyin Mosque.

A mosque that later became the forerunner of the establishment of the first university in Morocco and became the gateway to world education.

Fatimah Al-Fihri used her wealth to establish a large educational institution that we now know with Al-Qarawiyyin University, Fes, Morocco.

The Story Of Fatimah Al Fihri

Fatimah Al-Fihri emigrated from the Tunisian city of Kairouan to Morocco. After arriving in the Moroccan city of Fes, Fatimah and her family successfully traded and became one of the most famous businessmen.

Religion, however, was the main spirit in Fihri’s extended family. Although famously wealthy, they are not anti-social and remain generous. Often hold charitable activities or social services by involving the poor and poor.

Until finally, on the basis of the intelligence of the mind and clarity of heart Fatimah Al-Fihri, he also built the University of Al-Qarawiyyin Morocco which was founded in 859 AD.

It is said that from the foundation of the first stone Fatimah Al-Fihri performed fasting every day during the construction process. The entire cost of the construction came from his personal pocket.

In fact, he didn’t want to take any material taken from anyone else. Since then, Al-Qarawiyyin has attracted interest from scholars and scholars around the world.

Studies of science often take place there. Claimants also came from all over Morocco, Arab countries, Europe, America and even other parts of the world.

In a short time, Fes was able to align with the center of science at that time, namely Cordoba and Baghdad.

Al-Qarawiyyin Morocco founded by Farimah Al-Fihri became an inspiration in the world of education, so that in the future was born Al-Azhar University in Cairo Egypt, Harvard University UNITED STATES, Oxford University England, Cambridge University, Bologna University in Italy, then Paris University in France in the 12th century AD.

Fatimah Al-Fihri’s monumental contribution to the Islamic world, namely the establishment of Al-Qarawiyyin will never be forgotten. Thanks to his sincerity and sincerity Fatimah Al-Fihri became an influencer at that time.

Why is Fatimah Al-Fihri doing this?

University of Az Zaitunah Tunisia
University of Az Zaitunah Tunisia

Because Fatimah Al-Fihri wants her father’s wealth to be useful in this world and will be a righteous deed that continues to flow until the hereafter.

Therefore Fatimah Al-Fihri worked by building the University of Al-Qarawiyyin in Morocco so that from there were born science experts.

Not only Muslim scholars such as Ibn Khaldun who studied there, a Jewish philosopher Maimonides (Ibn Maimun) also studied at Al-Qarawiyyin founded by Fatimah Al-Fihri.

Fatimah Al Fihri left a precious legacy for generations of Muslims around the world. Until now, the name Fatimah Al-Fihri remains a strong lasting fragrance, as strong as the mosque and Al-Qarawiyyin University that he built.

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The lessons that we must take from Fatimah Al-Fihri

  • Using wealth for righteous deeds that benefit all people in this world and benefit in the Hereafter for himself.

Because the alms jariyah done sincerely, the reward will continue to flow until the Hereafter.

He believes that the wealth will run out, the position will end, the life will be lost, while the righteous deeds will remain forever until the Hereafter.

  • Have a vision, a goal, a big dream and think far over the next hundred years to print a smart generation.

So he spent his life building something that could be beneficial to many people and with a lasting period of time.

He built a place to learn, meaning that there will continue to be a generation of human beings who are knowledgeable. He believes that the knowledge that benefits his reward will continue to flow until the Hereafter.

  • Make the world as a field to plant good, so that in the hereafter he will harvest the good that he has done during his life in this world.

There is nothing he does in this world except for the good that He has done, and for His mercy and pleasure.

Until now the name Fatimah Al-Fihri has always been mentioned in the prayers of scholars and seekers thanks to the blessings of his life.

Three lessons from Fatimah Al-Fihri are similar to the words of the Prophet (pbuh) in a hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah RA:

“When a person dies, his deeds are cut off except three things, namely charity jariyah, useful knowledge, and a righteous child who prays for him.”

 

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