The Purpose of Marriage in Islam

In Islam, marriage is a noble and holy worship. Therefore, marriage should not be done indiscriminately because it is the longest form of worship and should be maintained until death separates.

The real marriage is not just to unite two people to build a household. There are several purposes of marriage that Muslims should understand. Based on the Qur’an and hadith of the Prophet, this is the purpose of marriage in Islam.

1. live God’s commandments

The main purpose of marriage in Islam is to live the command of Allah. In the Qur’an surah An Nuur verse 32, Allah commands His servants to marry and not worry about sustenance because God will suffinate it.

وَأَنكِحُوا اْلأَيَامَى مِنكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَآئِكُمْ إِن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَآءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ وَاللهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

“And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enable them out of His bounty. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.” Qs. An Nuur: 32)

2. perfecting half the religion

One of the virtues of marriage is to perfect half the religion. Why is that? The scholars explained that what generally damages a person’s religion is his penis and stomach.

Marriage means fortifying oneself from one of them, namely adultery with a penis. From Anas ibn Malik radhiyallahu ‘anhu, he said that the Messenger of Allah said:

إِذَا تَزَوَّجَ العَبْدُ فَقَدْ كَمَّلَ نَصْفَ الدِّيْنِ ، فَلْيَتَّقِ اللهَ فِي النِّصْفِ البَاقِي

“If a man marries, then he has perfected half his religion. Therefore, fear Allah in the other half.” (HR. Al-Bayhaqi

3. Implementing the Sunnah of the Apostle

The purpose of marriage in Islam is to abstain from adultery. In addition, marriage is a command that is emphasized by the Messenger of Allah. By marrying, it means that we have performed one of the Sunnahs of the Messenger. From Aisha radhiyallahu ‘anha, he said the Messenger of Allah said:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: “النِّكَاحُ مِنْ سُنَّتِيْ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ بِسُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي وَتَزَوَّجُوا فَإِنِّي مُكَاثِرٌ بِكُمْ الْأُمَمَ وَمَنْ كَانَ ذَا طَوْلٍ فَلْيَنْكِحْ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَعَلَيْهِ بِالصِّيَامِ فَإِنَّ الصَّوْمَ لَهُ وِجَاءٌ” رواه ابن ماجه

Marriage is one of my sunnahs, who does not practice my sunnah, so he does not follow my path.

Marry me, for I am proud of you over the rest of the people, and whoever has wealth, marry him, and whoever cannot afford it, let him fast, for fasting is a shield for him.” (HR. Ibn Maajah)”

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4. Increase worship to God

The home is a fertile ‘field’ for us to worship and do righteous deeds. In fact, husband and wife relationships include worship (alms) that are worth the reward.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

… وَفِي بُضْعِ أَحَدِكُمْ صَدَقَةٌ، قَالُوْا: يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ، أَيَأْتِي أَحَدُنَا شَهْوَتَهُ وَيَكُوْنُ لَهُ فِيْهَا أَجْرٌ؟ قَالَ: أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ وَضَعَهَا فِي حَرَامٍ، أَكَانَ عَلَيْهِ فِيْهَا وِزْرٌ؟ فَكَذَلِكَ إِذَا وَضَعَهَا فِي الْحَلاَلِ كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرٌ.

5. Protecting Yourself from Sin

The next purpose of marriage is to protect yourself from sin. In islamic view, marriage is one way to protect yourself from sin.

Having sexual desire or urges is fitrah or common for men and women. However, a person who is unable to resist sexual urges can fall into sin.

By marrying, one can control his passions more so that sin can be avoided. On the other hand, making a couple happy in an Islamic marriage can bring blessings and rewards.

This marriage advice is for those who have been able to assume responsibility in marriage. However, if you feel unable to do so, you should fast as a way to control yourself.

6. Maintaining honor

Marriage is a worship that aims to maintain self-respect and avoid things that are forbidden by religion.

Getting married can also make it easier for us to subdue our eyes, making it easier to avoid adultery.

يَا مَعْشَرَ الشَّبَابِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمُ الْبَاءَةَ فَلْيَتَزَوَّجْ، فَإِنَّهُ أَغَضُّ لِلْبَصَرِ وَأَحْصَنُ لِلْفَرْجِ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَعَلَيْهِ بِالصَّوْمِ فَإِنَّهُ لَهُ وِجَاءٌ.

“O young men! And whoever of you is able to marry, then marry him, so that he may be more subservient, and more fortifying the farji (penis). And whosoever is unable, let him fast, for it can fortify him.” (HR. Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, etc.)

7. Have righteous offspring

In addition to being commanded by Allah, marriage is also intended to obtain righteous offspring. As Allah said in the Qur’an surah An-Nahl verse 72 the following:

وَاللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ بَنِينَ وَحَفَدَةً وَرَزَقَكُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ ۚ أَفَبِالْبَاطِلِ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَبِنِعْمَتِ اللَّهِ هُمْ يَكْفُرُونَ

“And Allah has made for you spouses of your own kind, and has made for you sons and grandchildren from your spouses, and provided you with good things. Why do they believe in falsehood and deny the favours of Allah?” Qs. An-Nahl: 72)

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