After marriage, the wife has a number of rights that must be respected and observed by the husband. Man was created by Allah SWT in pairs.
Between the two there is a tendency to love each other. Therefore, one of the fitrah of man is to marry between a man and a woman, and not to the same sex.
The command to marry in Islam is expressed in some verses in the Qur’an. Fitrah married to man one of them can be found in surah An-Nisa verse 1:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا
O mankind, fear your Lord who created you from one soul, and created his mate from it; And from them He has bred many men and women. Fear Allah, in Whose name you ask one another, and maintain a family relationship. God is watchful over you.”
When a man and a woman marry, they become husband and wife. Both husband and wife have their own rights in the sacred bond.
The right of the wife when married in relation to the right of the wife, there are three things that must be fulfilled by the husband, namely the right of dowry, the right to live, and the right of mut’ah when divorcing.
1. Dowry rights
dowry rights are a number of assets that the husband must give to his wife as a consequence of the marriage contract.
It is based on the evidence of the Quran in surah An-Nisa verse 4 which means:
“Give the dowry to the woman willingly.”
Dowry should not be requested again by the husband even if there is a divorce. Dowry is also the right of the wife and guardian is not entitled to take that right. However, if the wife willingly wants to give her dowry to someone else, then it is permissible.
There is no limit to the amount of dowry or its shape. In fact, the Prophet Muhammad advises not to toughen the dowry even if it is only an iron ring.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The greatest marriage is the lightest of dowries.” Ahmad).
2. Right to a living
After marriage, the wife also has the right to live. And whatever your husband spends on his family is food, clothing, shelter, etc.
Living includes the needs of the wife during childbirth to the fulfillment of biological needs such as intercourse with the husband. A husband is obliged to provide for his wife according to his means.
For husbands, giving to their wives and their families is a major factor even greater in reward than the provision to free a slave or the poor.
3. Mut’ah rights
The right of mut’ah is the right of property that the husband gives to the wife when she divorces him. A wife who is divorced but still entitled to be given property when in three circumstances, namely:
- The divorced wife has been invited to have sex
- Wife who is divorced but has not been banged but the dowry is not mentioned during the contract
- husband who sues divorced wife in court