Umrah in Islam
Umrah is a worship similar to Hajj. It is done by traveling to Makkah, visiting the Kaaba, as well as doing tawaf, sa’i, and shaving to hope for the pleasure of Allah SWT.
although similar to Hajj, there are some differences between Hajj and ‘Umrah. For example, Hajj is only performed from the beginning of Syawal until the dawn of Eid al-Adha (10 Zulhijjah). While umrah can be done at any time of the year.
Another difference is that the pillars of ‘Umra do not include wudu’ in ‘Arafah, while hajj requires wudu’ in ‘Arafah.
the pillars of ‘Umra are only four, namely the intention of ihram, tawaf, sa’i and cutting hair. As for Hajj, there are five pillars: the intention of ihram, wuquf in ‘Arafah, tawaf, sa’i, and cutting hair.
In Arabic, ‘Umra means to visit. While in terms, umrah is a visit or pilgrimage to the Kaaba, tawaf, sa’i, and cutting hair in accordance with the provisions of sharia,
The Law of Umra
The ruling on Umra there is a difference of opinion among scholars regarding the ruling on ‘Umra. For the Hanafi and Maliki sects, ‘Umrah is sunnah muakkadah or highly emphasized. As for the Shafii and Hanbali sects, the ruling on ‘Umrah is mandatory once in a lifetime for the able.
The provisions concerning umrah are stated through the word of Allah SWT in the Qur’an surah Al-Baqarah verse 196:
“And complete the Hajj and ‘Umrah for Allah’ (Al-Baqarah : 196).
Ordinances of performing
1. ihram from miqat
2. say Talbiyah from the miqat to mecca
3. After reaching the Grand Mosque in Mecca, first step foot with your right foot
4. Tawaf 7 times in the ka’ba
5. pray in Maqam Ibrahim
6. pray 2 rak’ahs in the holy mosque
7. drink zamzam water
8. depart for shafa
9. doing sa’i between shafa and marwah as much as 7 rounds
10. Shave head hair