Who is Muhajirin and Ansar ? (History of Islam)

Muhajirin is a resident of Mecca who followed the hijrah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Medina, in order to carry out Allah’s commandments in addition to saving themselves from the ness of the meccan population who hated the Muslim community in mecca city.

The story of the Muhajirin and the Ansar

The brotherhood between the Muhajirin and the Anshâr who declared the Prophet Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam has more special consequences when compared to general brotherhood.

As is known, when the Muhajirîn migrated to Medina did not bring all the treasures. Most of their possessions were left in Makkah, but they would settle in Medina. This is definitely a problem for them in a new place.

What’s more, the fertile condition of Medina is very different from the arid condition of Makkah. Their expertise in trading in Makkah was different from the majority of the people of Medina who farmed.

Mecca Before Islam In Islamic History

Inevitably, this difference in habits raises new problems for the Muhajirin, both regarding economic, social society, and also health.

They have to adapt to a new environment. Meanwhile, at the same time must seek a livelihood, even though the Muhajirin have no capital.

Such is the problem faced by the Muhajirîn in the new area. Seeing the condition of the Muhajirin, on the basis of the strength of brotherhood, the Anshâr did not leave his brother in distress.

The Anshâr with their total and wholehearted sacrifice helped alleviate the hardships faced by the Muhajirîn.

The wonderful sacrifice of the Anshâr is enshrined in the Quran, surah al-Hashim/59 verse 9 :

وَالَّذِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا الدَّارَ وَالْإِيمَانَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ حَاجَةً مِمَّا أُوتُوا وَيُؤْثِرُونَ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كَانَ بِهِمْ خَصَاصَةٌ ۚ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

And [also for] those who were settled in the Home [i.e.,al-Madīnah] and [adopted] the faith before them. They love those who emigrated to them and find not any want in their breasts of what they [i.e., the emigrants] were given but give [them] preference over themselves, even though they are in privation. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful.

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